(1) Short for computer assisted personal interviewing, a surveying technique that uses a computer-based questionnaire. As an alternative to paper questionnaires, CAPI allows the interviewer to customize the survey, so that respondents answer questions only about subjects they’re familiar with and receive questions in a random order to avoid biases. CAPI also seeks to improve accessibility to data and to make the interviewing process more entertaining. Although traditionally used on individual PCs, CAPI is now also being administered on the Web.
(2) Short for common ISDN application programming interface, an API standard used to access ISDN equipment (equipment that use the integrated services digital network [ISDN] standard for the transfer of data over telephone lines). When an application wants to communicate with an ISDN card it sends a standard series of commands to the card. These commands form the CAPI standard and give developers and users a chance to use a well-defined mechanism for communications over ISDN lines without being forced to adjust to hardware idiosyncrasies.
Short for completely automated public turing test to tell computers and humans apart, a technique used by a computer to tell if it is interacting with a human or another computer. Because computing is becoming pervasive, and computerized tasks and services are commonplace, the need for increased levels of security has led to the development […]
Acronym for Common Address Redundancy Protocol. CARP is a free alternative to the Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol (VRRP) and the Hot Standby Router Protocol (HSRP). Its primary purpose is to allow multiple hosts on the same network segment to share an IP address. CARP works by allowing a group of hosts on the same network […]
Short for Computer Aided Software Engineering, a category of softwarethat provides a development environment for programming teams. CASE systems offer tools to automate, manage and simplify the development process. These can include tools for: Summarizing initial requirements Developing flow diagrams Scheduling development tasks Preparing documentation Controlling software versions Developing program code Various companies offer CASE […]
Short for constant angular velocity, a technique for accessing data off of rotating disks. With CAV, the disk rotates at a constant speed regardless of what area of the disk is being accessed. This differs from Constant Linear Velocity (CLV), which rotates the disk faster for inner tracks. Disk drives use CAV, whereas CD-ROMs generally […]
On eBay, eBay alternatives, and classified ad Web sites, CAYOR is an abbreviation used to mean cash at your own risk. This abbreviation is used by the seller to indicate that if the buyer chooses to pay cash for the item, and mail cash to the seller, the buyer is not responsible for missing or […]