(n.) A color model based on human perception developed by the CIE (Commission Internationale de l’Eclairage) committee. While widely regarded as the most accurate color model, CIE is unsuitable for many technologies, including color printing and color monitors. Consequently, these systems need to use other color models, such as CMYK and RGB.
- Common Internet File System (CIFS)
Short for Common Internet File System, a protocol that defines a standard for remote file access using millions of computers at a time. With CIFS, users with different platforms and computers can share files without having to install new software. CIFS runs over TCP/IP but uses the SMB (Server Message Block) protocol found in Microsoft […]
Short for Common Information Model, an industry standard, developed by the Distributed Management Task Force (DMTF), for describing data about applications and devices so that administrators and software management programs can control applications and devices on different platforms in the same way, ensuring interoperability across a network. Using techniques of object-oriented programming, CIM provides a […]
Short for Chief Information Officer, CIO is a job title given to someone within an enterprise who heads, at the executive board level, information technology within an organization. The CIO is largely responsible for the computer systems and the information technology (IT) that support the organization, and works within the organization’s budget to oversee the […]
Short for the Children’s Internet Protection Act, signed into law in December 2000. CIPA is designed to safeguard children against objectionable or harmful material on the Internet. CIPA amends the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 and the Communications Act of 1934. The amendments direct schools and libraries to have in place a policy […]
Short for committed information rate, a specified amount of guaranteed bandwidth (measured in bits per second) on a Frame Relay service. Typically, when purchasing a Frame Relay service, a company can specify the CIR level they wish. The Frame Relay network vendor guarantees that frames not exceeding this level will be delivered. It’s possible that […]