(1) (pronounced as separate letters) Short for frames per second (and typically written in lower case), a measure of how much information is used to store and display motion video. The term applies equally to film video and digital video. Each frame is a still image; displaying frames in quick succession creates the illusion of motion. The more frames per second (fps), the smoother the motion appears. Television in the U.S., for example, is based on the NTSC format, which displays 30 interlaced frames per second (60 fields per second). In general, the minimum fps needed to avoid jerky motion is about 30. Some computer video formats, such as AVI, provide only 15 frames per second.
(2) Capitalized, FPS is short for first-person shooter, a game genre. FPS games are ones that are in the first-person perspective where the gamer can only see the character’s hands holding a weapon on the screen.
)A word coined by Benoit Mandelbrot in 1975 to describe shapes that are “self-similar” — that is, shapes that look the same at different magnifications. To create a fractal, you start with a simple shape and duplicate it successively according to a set of fixed rules. Oddly enough, such a simple formula for creating shapes […]
- fraction ridge
)In biometrics and fingerprint scanning, fraction ridge refers to the ridges found on the skin of fingers and palms that make contact with a surface under normal touch. The friction ridges combined make up a fingerprint. Image Source: “See How Fingerprint Scanners Work” See “How Fingerprint Scanners Work” in the “”Did You Know…” section of
- fractional T-1
One or more channels of a T-1 service. A complete T-1 carrier contains 24 channels, each of which provides 64 Kbps. Most phone companies, however, also sell fractional T-1 lines, which provide less bandwidth but are also less expensive. Typically, fractional T-1 lines are sold in increments of 56 Kbps (the extra 8 Kbps per […]
Frag is a commonly used term in first-person shooter game. When you kill an opponent in the game you call it a “frag” rather than kill. The term frag is commonly associated with multiplayer deathmatch games. The word frag was first used in the Vietnam war, but there is some discrepancies as to the meaning […]
(1) Refers to the condition of a disk in which files are divided into pieces scattered around the disk. Fragmentation occurs naturally when you use a disk frequently, creating, deleting, and modifying files. At some point, the operating system needs to store parts of a file in noncontiguous clusters. This is entirely invisible to users, […]