Short for floating-point unit, a specially designed chip that performs floating-point calculations. Computers equipped with an FPU perform certain types of applications much faster than computers that lack one. In particular, graphics applications are faster with an FPU.
Some microprocessors, such as the Intel 80486 and Pentium, have a built-in FPU. With other microprocessors, you can usually add an FPU by inserting the FPU chip on the motherboard.
Floating-point units are also called numeric coprocessors , math coprocessors , and floating-point processors .
A fully qualified domain name consists of a host and domain name, including top-level domain. For example, www.definithing.com is a fully qualified domain name. www is the host, definithing is the second-level domain, and.com is the top level domain. A FQDN always starts with a host name and continues all the way up to the […]
Short for Frame Relay Assembler/Disassembler, a communications device that breaks a data stream into frames for transmission over a Frame Relay network and recreates a data stream from incoming frames. A Frame Relay router serves the same purpose but provides more intelligence in avoiding congestion.
(1) Short for Ferroelectric Random Access Memory, a type of non-volatile memory developed by Ramtron International Corporation. FRAM combines the access speed of DRAM and SRAM with the non-volatility of ROM. Because of its high speed, it is replacing EEPROM in many devices. The term FRAM itself is a trademark of Ramtron. (2) Slang tern […]
Acronym for Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, a set of Federal rules, first established in 1938, governs court procedures for civil suits. The FRCP is maintained and upheld by the United States Supreme Court. The most recent revisions (December 2006) to the FRCP address the disclosure and discovery of electronic information, including answers to interrogatories, […]
- entropy coding
Entropy coding is a type of lossless coding to compress digital data by representing frequently occurring patterns with few bits and rarely occurring patterns with many bits. Huffman coding is a type of entropy coding.