Self-referentially, short for GNU’s not UNIX, a UNIX-compatible software system developed by the Free Software Foundation (FSF). The philosophy behind GNU is to produce software that is non-proprietary. Anyone can download, modify and redistribute GNU software. The only restriction is that they cannot limit further redistribution. The GNU project was started in 1983 by Richard Stallman at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Linux systems rely heavily on GNU software and in the past, GNU systems used the Linux kernel. This close connection has led some people to mistakenly equate GNU with Linux. They are actually quite separate. In fact, the FSF is developing a new kernel called HURD to replace the Linux kernel in GNU systems.
Short for Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites GOES is a series of geosynchronous satellites, first launched in the 1970’s by the United States and other governing bodies. GOES satellites are used to monitor storm development, such as tornadoes, hail storms or hurricanes and track the storm’s movements.
In video terminology, when encoding in MPEG video GOP is the abbreviation for Group Of Pictures. In a motion sequence, GOPs are individual frames of pictures that are grouped together and played back so that the viewer registers the video’s spatial motion. The GOP allows editing and splicing of video material from different sources to […]
Short for General Protection Fault, a computer condition that causes a Windows application to crash. The most common cause of a GPF is two applications trying to use the same block of memory, or more specifically, one application trying to use memory assigned to another application. The following situations can also cause GPFs. Running an […]
Short for GNU Privacy Guard and also abbreviated as GnuPG, GPG is the GNU project’s free software implementation of the OpenPGP standard as defined by RFC4880. GPG is specifically a command line tool that enables you to encrypt and sign your data and communication and includes a key management system as well as access modules […]
Short for General Public License, the license that accompanies some open source software that details how the software and its accompany source code can be freely copied, distributed and modified. The most widespread use of GPL is in reference to the GNU GPL, which is commonly abbreviated simply as GPLwhen it is understood that the […]