Hoot and holler networks provide “always on” multiuser conferences without requiring that users dial into the conference. These networks came into being more than 40 years ago when local concentrations of small specialized businesses with common, time-critical informational interests. Junkyards for example, began to install their own phone wires, speakers (called squawk boxes), and microphones between their businesses to ask each other about parts customers needed. These networks functioned as crude, do-it-yourself, business-to-business intercom systems. Hoot and holler broadcast audio network systems have since evolved into the specialized leased-line networks used by financial and brokerage firms to trade stocks and currency futures and the accompanying time-critical information such as market updates and morning reports. Hoot and holler is used in various industries as a way to provide a one-to-many or many-to-many conferencing service for voice communications. * [Source: Cisco Hoot & Holler Over IP]
An intermediate connection in a string of connections linking two network devices. On the Internet, for example, most data packets need to go through several routers before they reach their final destination. Each time the packet is forwarded to the next router, a hop occurs. The more hops, the longer it takes for data to […]
- hop off
Point at which a call transitions from H.323 to non-H.323, typically at a gateway.
(n) (1) A computer system that is accessed by a user working at a remote location. Typically, the term is used when there are two computer systems connected by modems and telephone lines. The system that contains the data is called the host, while the computer at which the user sits is called the remote […]
Refers to any device that relies on the host computer (that is, the computer the device is attached to) to handle some operations. Two common examples are host-based printers and host-based modems.
- host-based modem
A modem that uses the computer’s processor to handle some operations. Because host-based modems require less processing power of their own, they should be less expensive than conventional modems. There are also software modems, in which there’s no modem device at all. Instead, all of the modem’s functions are handled by the computer’s processor. In […]