Short for initial program load, the process of loading the operating system of a mainframe into the computer’s main memory. IPL is the mainframe equivalent of booting or rebooting a personal computer.
(1) On Apple Macintosh computers, initializing a disk means formatting it. (2) In programming, initialize means to assign a starting value to a variable. (3) Initialize can refer to the process of starting up a program or system.
- Ink-Jet Printer
A type of printer that works by spraying ionized ink at a sheet of paper. Magnetized plates in the ink’s path direct the ink onto the paper in the desired shapes. Ink-jet printers are capable of producing high quality print approaching that produced by laser printers. A typical ink-jet printer provides a resolution of 300 […]
(ī´nōd) (n.) Data structures that contain information about files in Unix file systems that are created when a file system is created. Each file has an inode and is identified by an inode number (i-number) in the file system where it resides. inodes provide important information on files such as user and group ownership, access […]
(n.) Whatever goes into the computer. Input can take a variety of forms, from commands you enter from the keyboard to data from another computer or device. A device that feeds data into a computer, such as a keyboard or mouse, is called an input device. (v.)The act of entering data into a computer.
- Input Device
Any machine that feeds data into a computer. For example, a keyboard is an input device, whereas a display monitor is an output device. Input devices other than the keyboard are sometimes called alternate input devices. Mice, trackballs, and light pensare all alternate input devices.