Abbreviated as NOS, a network operating system includes special functions for connecting computers and devices into a local-area network (LAN). Some operating systems, such as UNIX and the Mac OS, have networking functions built in.
The term network operating system is generally reserved for software that enhances a basic operating system by adding networking features. Novell Netware, Artisoft’s LANtastic, Microsoft Windows Server, and Windows NT are examples of a NOS.
- network service provider
A company that provides Internet access to ISPs. Sometimes called backbone providers, NSPs offer direct access to the Internet backbone and the Network Access Points (NAPs).
- network transparency
A condition in which an operating system or other service allows the user access to a remote resource through a network without needing to know if the resource is remote or local. For example, Sun Microsystem’s NFS, which has become a de facto industry standard, provides access to shared files through an interface called the […]
- network virtualization
Network virtualization (NV) is using network resources through a logical segmentation of a single physical network. Network virtualization is achieved by installing software and services to manage the sharing of storage, computing cycles and applications. Network virtualization treats all servers and services in the network as a single pool of resources that can be accessed […]
(n.) A network is a group of two or more computer systems linked together. There are many types of computer networks, including the following: local-area networks (LANs): The computers are geographically close together (that is, in the same building). wide-area networks (WANs): The computers are farther apart and are connected by telephone lines or radio […]
- neural network
A type of artificial intelligence that attempts to imitate the way a human brain works. Rather than using a digital model, in which all computations manipulate zeros and ones, a neural network works by creating connections between processing elements, the computer equivalent of neurons. The organization and weights of the connections determine the output. Neural […]