A wide-area network developed under the auspices of the National Science Foundation (NSF). NSFnet replaced ARPANET as the main government network linking universities and research facilities. In 1995, however, the NSF dismantled NSFnet and replaced it with a commercial Internet backbone. At the same time, the NSF implemented a new backbone called very high-speed Backbone Network Service (vBNS), which serves as a testing ground for the next generation of Internet technologies.
- NS Basic
A development environment for programming in BASIC for handheld devices. NS Basic allows a programmer to develop and test programs in a desktop environment and then download them to handheld devices as handhelds typically do not have the resources to support the development of programs, such as screens to display an IDEM. NS Basic is […]
- NT File System (NTFS)
(pronounced as separate letters) Short for NT File System, one of the file systems for the Windows NT operating system (Windows NT also supports the FAT file system). NTFS has features to improve reliability, such as transaction logs to help recover from disk failures. To control access to files, you can set permissions for directories […]
Short for NT Loader, a program loaded from the hard drive boot sector that displays the Microsoft Windows NTstartup menu and helps Windows NT load. Often a user will see the message “NTLDR is Missing” after attempting to install Windows 2000 or Windows XP, or upgrade a Windows 95-based or Windows 98-based computer to Windows […]
Abbreviation for “Windows NT LAN Manager” The NTLM protocol was the default for network authentication in the Windows NT 4.0 operating system. It is retained in Windows 2000 for compatibility with down-level clients and servers. NTLM is also used to authenticate logons to standalone computers with Windows 2000. Computers with Windows 3.11, Windows 95, Windows […]
Short for Network Time Protocol, an Internet standard protocol (built on top of TCP/IP) that assures accurate synchronization to the millisecond of computer clock times in a network of computers. Based on UTC, NTP synchronizes client workstation clocks to the U.S. Naval Observatory Master Clocks in Washington, DC and Colorado Springs CO. Running as a […]