Often referred to simply as peer-to-peer, or abbreviated P2P, a type of network in which each workstation has equivalent capabilities and responsibilities. This differs from client/server architectures, in which some computers are dedicated to serving the others. Peer-to-peer networks are generally simpler, but they usually do not offer the same performance under heavy loads.
- ad-hoc mode
An 802.11 networking framework in which devices or stations communicate directly with each other, without the use of an access point (AP). Ad-hoc mode is also referred to as peer-to-peer mode or an Independent Basic Service Set (IBSS). Ad-hoc mode is useful for establishing a network where wireless infrastructure does not exist or where services […]
A relationship between two or more small- or medium-sized ISPs in which the ISPs create a direct link between each other and agree to forward each other’s packets directly across this link instead of using the standard Internet backbone. For example, suppose a client of ISP X wants to access a web site hosted by […]
- pen computer
A computer that utilizes an electronic pen (called a stylus) rather than a keyboard for input. Pen computers generally require special operating systems that support handwriting recognition so that users can write on the screen or on a tablet instead of typing on a keyboard. Most pen computers are hand-held devices, which are too small […]
- pen tool
In graphics software, the pen tool is frequently used in the creation of smooth-edged selections, but is not a type of selection tool. The Pen Tool creates vector paths that can be converted into selections that in turn can be used to extract or mask groups of pixels.
- perceptual coding
In digital audio perceptual coding is a coding method used to reduce the amount of data needed to produce high-quality sound. Perceptual coding takes advantage of the human ear, screening out a certain amount of sound that is perceived as noise. In perceptual coding you reduce or eliminate the sounds that the ear would perceive […]