(n.) (1) The process of providing users with access to data and technology resources. The term typically is used in reference to enterprise-level resource management. Provisioning can be thought of as a combination of the duties of the human resources and IT departments in an enterprise, where (1) users are given access to data repositories or granted authorization to systems, applications and databases based on a unique user identity, and (2) users are appropriated hardware resources, such as computers, mobile phones and pagers. The process implies that the access rights and privileges are monitored and tracked to ensure the security of an enterprise’s resources.
(2) The process of providing customers or clients with accounts, the appropriate access to those accounts, all the rights associated with those accounts, and all of the resources necessary to manage the accounts. When used in reference to a client, provisioning can be thought of as a form of customer service.
- proximity operator
A type of operator used by some search engines to improve search constraints by instructing the search to look for words that are within a short distance of each other in a document. For example, using a search engine that supports proximity operators, querying the phrase “cable NEAR modem” will instruct the search engine to […]
- proxy cache
(pro´ksē cash) (n.) Also referred to as a Web proxy cache, a function of a proxy server that caches retrieved Web pages on the server’s hard disk so that the page can be quickly retrieved by the same or a different user the next time that page is requested. The proxy cache eases bandwidth requirements […]
An outline of a program, written in a form that can easily be converted into real programming statements. For example, the pseudocode for a bubble sortroutine might be written: while not at end of list compare adjacent elements if second is greater than first switch them get next two elements if elements were switched repeat […]
- public carrier
A government-regulated organization that provides telecommunications services to the public. This includes AT&T, MCI, and Western Union. Most public carriers provide electronic- mail services that enable you to send messages and documents over a telephone line to other computer users.
- public-domain software
Refers to any program that is not copyrighted. Public-domain software is free and can be used without restrictions. The term public-domain software is often used incorrectly to include freeware, free software that is nevertheless copyrighted.