Short for Redundant Arrays of Inexpensive Databases (Db), RAIDb is a standard for combining multiple database instances into an array of databases. RAIDb was derived from two technologies; Redundant Arrays of Inexpensive Disks (RAID) and computing clusters to provide better performance and fault tolerance than a single database would, with the benefits of a distributed workload, load balancing, and caching. RAIDb is defined at three different levels which vary the cost, performance and fault tolerances. The levels include the following:
RAIDb-0: full partitioning
RAIDb-1: full replication
RAIDb-2: partial replication where the user defines the degree of replication of each database table.
Redundant Arrays of Inexpensive Databases was defined in September 2003 at INRIA (Institut National De Recherche En Informatique Et En Automatique) by Emmanuel Cecchet, Julie Marguerite, and Willy Zwaenepoel.
Short for Redundant Array of Independent Nodes, RAIN is a data storage and protection system architecture. It uses an open architecture that combines standard computing and networking hardware with management software to create a system that is more distributed and scalable. RAIN is based on the idea of linking RAID nodes together into a larger […]
- Random Access Memory (RAM)
RAM (pronounced ramm) is an acronym for random access memory, a type of computer memory that can be accessed randomly; that is, any byte of memory can be accessed without touching the preceding bytes. RAM is the most common type of memory found in computers and other devices, such as printers. Main Types of RAM […]
- RAM cache
(1) Same as L2 cache. (2) On Apple Macintosh computers, the term RAM cache refers to a disk cache.
Short for Random Access Memory Digital-to-Analog Converter, a single chip on video adapter cards. The RAMDAC’s role is to convert digitally encoded images into analog signals that can be displayed by a monitor. A RAMDAC actually consists of four different components – SRAM to store the color map and three digital-to-analog converters (DACs), one for […]
- RAM disk
Refers to RAM that has been configured to simulate a disk drive. You can access files on a RAM disk as you would access files on a real disk. RAM disks, however, are approximately a thousand times faster than hard disk drives. They are particularly useful, therefore, for applications that require frequent disk accesses. Because […]