Acronym for transparent operating system, a type of local-area network designed by Sun Microsystems that can combine Apple Macintosh computers, PCs, and Sun workstations on the same network. A particular strength of TOPS is that the networking software is transparent, meaning that users do not need to adjust to a new operating environment. PC users see their PC interface and Mac users see the Mac interface.
TOPS uses the Macintosh computer’s built-in AppleTalk protocol. It is a peer-to-peer network, which means that it does not require any computers to be set aside as file servers. Authorized users can access files from any disk drive connected to the network.
- stop words
Words that are filtered out by Web search engines and other enterprise searching and indexing platforms. Stop words are natural language words which have very little meaning, such as “and”, “the”, “a”, “an”, and similar words.
Short for tracks per inch, the density of tracks on a disk. For example, double-density 5.25-inch floppies have a TPI of 48, while high-density floppies record 96 TPI. High-density 3.5-inch diskettes are formatted with 135 TPI. Hard disks have TPIs in the thousands.
(1) Short for transactions per second, a measurement used to determine how many transactions have been processed in one second in transaction-oriented systems. (2) Short for Transaction Process System it is a type of information system (IS) that collects, stores, modifies and retrieves transaction of an organization. Here the word transaction is used to mean […]
- TP monitor
Short for transaction processing monitor, a program that monitors a transaction as it passes from one stage in a process to another. The TP monitor’s purpose is to ensure that the transaction processes completely or, if an error occurs, to take appropriate actions. TP monitors are especially important in three-tier architectures that employ load balancing […]
Acronym for The Real-time Operating system Nucleus. It is a set of interfaces and design guidelines (a set of software design specifications) for creating the computer code that will become the kernel. The TRON interfaces and design guidelines are copyrighted by the TRON Association, but they are available for use by software developers anywhere in […]