Usually, assizes. a trial session, civil or criminal, held periodically in specific locations in England, usually by a judge of a superior court.
an edict, ordinance, or enactment made at a session of a legislative assembly.
an inquest before members of a jury or assessors; a judicial inquiry.
an action, writ, or verdict of an assize.
the last assize; the great assize.
a statute for the regulation and control of weights and measures or prices of general commodities in the market.
Historical Examples

So they were committed for trial at the Liverpool assizes, to be holden some time in the present month.
Passages From the English Notebooks, Volume 2 Nathaniel Hawthorne

I find that the assizes will be here, in Alston, at the end of next month.
Orley Farm Anthony Trollope

If he had been tried at the assizes, I would have gone there.
The Widow Lerouge Emile Gaboriau

I have come to see a man called Robert Tryst, waiting for trial at the assizes.
The Freelands John Galsworthy

And as to Galway, we may gather the state of affairs from the report of a case tried at the Winter assizes of 1912.
Is Ulster Right? Anonymous

He then had notice for the summer assizes at Warwick; and so on.
A Budget of Paradoxes, Volume I (of II) Augustus De Morgan

At Hull the assizes had only been held once in seven years, and afterwards once in three.
The English Utilitarians, Volume I. Leslie Stephen

Here the assizes are held, in a range of buildings erected for that purpose.
The Expedition of Humphry Clinker Tobias Smollett

Professional business took me to the assizes during your second trial.
The Stowmarket Mystery Louis Tracy

The assizes will open this evening in the forum at 6.30 sharp.
The Master of the Shell Talbot Baines Reed

plural noun
(formerly in England and Wales) the sessions, usually held four times a year, of the principal court in each county, exercising civil and criminal jurisdiction, attended by itinerant judges: replaced in 1971 by crown courts
(in the US)

a sitting of a legislative assembly or administrative body
an enactment or order of such an assembly

(English history) a trial or judicial inquest, the writ instituting such inquest, or the verdict
(Scots law)

trial by jury
another name for jury1


“session of a law court,” c.1300 (attested from mid-12c. in Anglo-Latin), from Old French assise “session, sitting of a court” (12c.), properly fem. past participle of asseoir “to cause to sit,” from Latin assidere (see assess). Originally “all legal proceedings of the nature of inquests or recognitions;” hence sessions held periodically in each county of England to administer civil and criminal justice.


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