Catatonia



a syndrome seen most frequently in schizophrenia, characterized by muscular rigidity and mental stupor, sometimes alternating with great excitement and confusion.
Historical Examples

Fortunately Kahlbaum prevented serious error by leaving the prognosis of his catatonia open.
Benign Stupors August Hoch

Taxonomic zeal began to blind vision when Kahlbaum formulated his “catatonia” and included stupor in the symptom complex.
Benign Stupors August Hoch

It is true that it is frequent in catatonia but is not exclusively there.
Benign Stupors August Hoch

Then you can check your notes and decide if it’s schizophrenia, or catatonia, or psychasthenia, or what not.
A Thought For Tomorrow Robert E. Gilbert

noun
a state of muscular rigidity and stupor, sometimes found in schizophrenia
n.

1888, from medical Latin catatonia; replacing katatonia (1880s), which was formed directly from Greek kata- “down” (see cata-) + tonos “tone” (see tenet).

catatonia cat·a·to·ni·a (kāt’ə-tō’nē-ə)
n.
An abnormal condition often associated with schizophrenia and variously characterized by stupor, stereotypy, mania, and either rigidity or extreme flexibility of the limbs.
cat’a·ton’ic (-tŏn’ĭk) adj.

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