(often initial capital letter) Eastern Church.

any of the heads of certain autocephalous churches.
(in some autocephalous churches) a primate subject to a patriarch and having authority over metropolitans.

(in the early Christian church) the head of monasteries in the same city.
Historical Examples

And the priest of the Christians is called “catholicos” in the Greek tongue, because he presides alone over the whole region.
History of the Wars, Books I and II (of 8) Procopius

Nec catholicos a libero religionis exercitio impediri debere, neque cuiquam ex his licere Lutheranismum amplecti.
History of the Great Reformation, Volume IV J. H. Merle D’Aubign

Verissima relacion en que se da cuenta en el estado en que estan los catholicos de Inglaterra, ete Sevilla .
Henrietta Maria Henrietta Haynes

Omnes Episcopi et theologi responderunt catholicos hoc non tenere.
The History of Freedom John Emerich Edward Dalberg-Acton

the patriarch of the Armenian Church


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