Also, characteristical. pertaining to, constituting, or indicating the character or peculiar quality of a person or thing; typical; distinctive:
Red and gold are the characteristic colors of autumn.
a distinguishing feature or quality:
Generosity is his chief characteristic.
the integral part of a common logarithm.
the exponent of 10 in a number expressed in scientific notation.
the smallest positive integer n such that each element of a given ring added to itself n times results in 0.
a distinguishing quality, attribute, or trait
the integral part of a common logarithm, indicating the order of magnitude of the associated number: the characteristic of 2.4771 is 2 Compare mantissa
another name for exponent, used esp in number representation in computing
indicative of a distinctive quality, etc; typical
adjective and noun both first attested 1660s, from character + -istic on model of Greek kharakteristikos. Earlier in the adjectival sense was characteristical (1620s). Related: Characteristically (1640s). Characteristics “distinctive traits” also attested from 1660s.
characteristic char·ac·ter·is·tic (kār’ək-tə-rĭs’tĭk)
The part of a logarithm to the base 10 that is to the left of the decimal point. For example, if 2.749 is a logarithm, 2 is the characteristic. Compare mantissa.
Photography. a graph used in sensitometry to show the relationship between exposure time and image density under constant developing conditions. noun (photog) a graph of the density of a particular photographic material plotted against the logarithm of the exposure producing this density
Jean Baptiste Étienne Auguste [zhahn ba-teest ey-tyen oh-gyst] /ʒɑ̃ baˈtist eɪˈtyɛn oʊˈgüst/ (Show IPA), 1867–1936, French explorer. his father, Jean Martin [zhahn mar-tan] /ʒɑ̃ marˈtɛ̃/ (Show IPA), 1825–93, French neuropathologist. noun Jean Martin (ʒɑ̃ martɛ̃). 1825–93, French neurologist, noted for his attempt using hypnotism to find an organic cause for hysteria, which influenced Freud Charcot […]
a function defined on a given set, having value 1 for every element of the set and value 0 for every element not contained in the set. characteristic polynomial. noun (maths) a function that assigns the value 1 to the members of a given set and the value 0 to its nonmembers (statistics) a function […]
an expression obtained from a given matrix by taking the determinant of the difference between the matrix and an arbitrary variable times the identity matrix.