Electric



[ih-lek-trik] /ɪˈlɛk trɪk/

adjective
1.
pertaining to, derived from, produced by, or involving electricity:
an electric shock.
2.
producing, transmitting, or operated by electric currents:
an electric bell; electric cord.
3.
electrifying; thrilling; exciting; stirring:
The atmosphere was electric with excitement.
4.

noun
5.
Railroads.

6.
electricity:
residential users of gas and electric.
7.
something, as an appliance, vehicle, or toy, operated by electricity.
8.
Archaic. a substance that is a nonconductor of electricity, as glass or amber, used to store or to excite an electric charge.
/ɪˈlɛktrɪk/
adjective
1.
of, derived from, produced by, producing, transmitting, or powered by electricity: electric current, an electric cord, an electric blanket, an electric fence, an electric fire
2.
(of a musical instrument) amplified electronically: an electric guitar, an electric mandolin
3.
very tense or exciting; emotionally charged: an electric atmosphere
noun
4.
(informal) an electric train, car, etc
5.
(Brit, informal) electricity or electrical power
6.
(pl) an electric circuit or electric appliances
adj.

1640s, first used in English by physician Sir Thomas Browne (1605-1682), apparently coined as Modern Latin electricus (literally “resembling amber”) by English physicist William Gilbert (1540-1603) in treatise “De Magnete” (1600), from Latin electrum “amber,” from Greek elektron “amber” (Homer, Hesiod, Herodotus), also “pale gold” (a compound of 1 part silver to 4 of gold); of unknown origin.

Originally the word described substances which, like amber, attract other substances when rubbed. Meaning “charged with electricity” is from 1670s; the physical force so called because it first was generated by rubbing amber. In many modern instances, the word is short for electrical. Figurative sense is attested by 1793. Electric toothbrush first recorded 1936; electric typewriter 1958.
electric (ĭ-lěk’trĭk) also electrical
(ĭ-lěk’trĭk)
Relating to or operated by electricity. Compare electronic.

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