Gums



[guhm] /gʌm/

noun
1.
any of various viscid, amorphous exudations from plants, hardening on exposure to air and soluble in or forming a viscid mass with water.
2.
any of various similar exudations, as resin.
3.
a preparation of such a substance, as for use in the arts or bookbinding.
4.
.
5.
mucilage; glue.
6.
1 (def 1).
7.
.
8.
Philately. the adhesive by which a postage stamp is affixed.
Compare (def 1).
9.
Informal. a rubber overshoe or boot.
verb (used with object), gummed, gumming.
10.
to smear, stiffen, or stick together with gum.
11.
to clog with or as if with some gummy substance.
verb (used without object), gummed, gumming.
12.
to exude or form gum.
13.
to become gummy.
14.
to become clogged with a gummy substance.
Verb phrases
15.
gum up, Slang. to spoil or ruin.
Idioms
16.
gum up the works. (def 51).
[guhm] /gʌm/
noun
1.
Often, gums. Also called gingiva. the firm, fleshy tissue covering the alveolar parts of either jaw and enveloping the necks of the teeth.
verb (used with object), gummed, gumming.
2.
to masticate (food) with the gums instead of teeth.
3.
to shape or renew the teeth of (a saw), as by grinding.
Idioms
4.
beat one’s gums, Slang. to talk excessively or ineffectively.
/ɡʌm/
noun
1.
any of various sticky substances that exude from certain plants, hardening on exposure to air and dissolving or forming viscous masses in water
2.
any of various products, such as adhesives, that are made from such exudates
3.
any sticky substance used as an adhesive; mucilage; glue
4.
(NZ) short for kauri gum
5.
See chewing gum, bubble gum, gumtree
6.
(mainly Brit) a gumdrop
verb gums, gumming, gummed
7.
to cover or become covered, clogged, or stiffened with or as if with gum
8.
(transitive) to stick together or in place with gum
9.
(intransitive) to emit or form gum
/ɡʌm/
noun
1.
the fleshy tissue that covers the jawbones around the bases of the teeth Technical name gingiva, related adjective gingival
/ɡʌm/
noun
1.
used in the mild oath by gum!
abbreviation
1.
genitourinary medicine
n.

“resin,” c.1300, from Old French gome “(medicinal) gum, resin,” from Late Latin gumma, from Latin gummi, from Greek kommi “gum,” from Egyptian kemai. As a shortened form of chewing gum, first attested 1842 in American English. The gum tree (1670s) was so called for the resin it exudes.

“membranes of the mouth,” Old English goma “palate, side of the mouth” (single or plural), from a Germanic source represented by Old Norse gomi “palate,” Old High German goumo; related to Lithuanian gomurys “palate,” and perhaps from PIE *gheu- “to yawn” (cf. Greek khaos; see chaos).
v.

early 14c., gommen, “treat with (medicinal or aromatic) gums,” from gum (n.1). In the transferred or figurative sense of “spoil, ruin” (usually with up), it is first recorded 1901, probably from the notion of machinery becoming clogged. Of infants, etc., “to chew or gnaw (something) with the gums,” by 1907, from gum (n.2). Related: Gummed; gumming.

gum 1 (gŭm)
n.

gum 2
n.
The firm connective tissue covered by mucous membrane that envelops the alveolar arches of the jaw and surrounds the bases of the teeth. Also called gingiva. v. gummed, gum·ming, gums
To chew food with toothless gums.
gum 1
(gŭm)
Any of various sticky substances that are produced by certain plants and trees and dry into brittle solids soluble in water. Gums typically are colloidal mixtures of polysaccharides and mineral salts.
gum 2
(gŭm)
See gingiva.

Related Terms

bat one’s gums

verb

Related Terms

bat one’s gums, bubblegum music, the bubblegum set

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