[han-dee-kap] /ˈhæn diˌkæp/
a race or other contest in which certain disadvantages or advantages of weight, distance, time, etc., are placed upon competitors to equalize their chances of winning.
the disadvantage or advantage itself.
any disadvantage that makes success more difficult:
The main handicap of our business is lack of capital.
Sometimes Offensive. a physical or mental disability making participation in certain of the usual activities of daily living more difficult.
verb (used with object), handicapped, handicapping.
to place at a disadvantage; disable or burden:
He was handicapped by his injured ankle.
to subject to a disadvantageous handicap, as a competitor of recognized superiority.
to assign handicaps to (competitors).
something that hampers or hinders
(golf) the number of strokes by which a player’s averaged score exceeds the standard scratch score for the particular course: used as the basis for handicapping in competitive play
any physical disability or disadvantage resulting from physical, mental, or social impairment or abnormality
verb (transitive) -caps, -capping, -capped
to be a hindrance or disadvantage to
to assign a handicap or handicaps to
to organize (a contest) by handicapping
(US & Canadian)
1650s, from hand in cap, a game whereby two bettors would engage a neutral umpire to determine the odds in an unequal contest. The bettors would put their hands holding forfeit money into a hat or cap. The umpire would announce the odds and the bettors would withdraw their hands — hands full meaning that they accepted the odds and the bet was on, hands empty meaning they did not accept the bet and were willing to forfeit the money. If one forfeited, then the money went to the other. If both agreed either on forfeiting or going ahead with the wager, then the umpire kept the money as payment. The custom, though not the name, is attested from 14c. (“Piers Plowman”).
Reference to horse racing is 1754 (Handy-Cap Match), where the umpire decrees the superior horse should carry extra weight as a “handicap;” this led to sense of “encumbrance, disability” first recorded 1890. The main modern sense, “disability,” is the last to develop, early 20c.
“equalize chances of competitors,” 1852, but implied in the horse-race sense from mid-18c., from handicap (n.). Meaning “put at a disadvantage” is from 1864. Earliest verbal sense, now obsolete, was “to gain as in a wagering game” (1640s). Related: Handicapped; handicapping.
handicap hand·i·cap (hān’dē-kāp’)
A physical, mental, or emotional condition that interferes with one’s normal functioning.
[han-dee-kapt] /ˈhæn diˌkæpt/ adjective 1. Sometimes Offensive. physically or mentally disabled. 2. of or designed for handicapped people: handicapped parking. 3. Sports. (of a competitor) marked by, being under, or having a : a handicapped player. noun 4. (used with a plural verb) Sometimes Offensive. handicapped persons collectively (usually preceded by the): increased job opportunities […]
[han-dee-kap-er] /ˈhæn diˌkæp ər/ noun 1. Horse Racing. 2. a person who determines the handicaps that will be placed on competitors. /ˈhændɪˌkæpə/ noun 1. an official appointed to assign handicaps to competitors in such sports as golf and horse racing 2. a newspaper columnist employed to estimate the chances that horses have of winning races
- Handicap register
noun (social welfare, in Britain) 1. a list of the disabled people in its area that a local authority has a duty to compile under the Chronically Sick and Disabled Persons Act 1970. Eligibility for certain welfare benefits may depend on registration 2. a different list of disabled people, kept by the Manpower Services Commission […]
[han-dee-krafts-muh n, -krahfts-] /ˈhæn diˌkræfts mən, -ˌkrɑfts-/ noun, plural handicraftsmen. 1. a person skilled in a ; craftsman.