hemoglobin S n.
Abbr. Hb S
An abnormal hemoglobin in which valine has replaced glutamic acid causing the hemoglobin to become less soluble under decreasing oxygen concentrations and to polymerize into crystals that distort the red blood cells into a sickle shape. Also called sickle cell hemoglobin.
[hee-muh-gloh-buh-noo r-ee-uh, -nyoo r-, hem-uh-] /ˌhi məˌgloʊ bəˈnʊər i ə, -ˈnyʊər-, ˌhɛm ə-/ noun, Pathology. 1. the presence of pigment in the urine. hemoglobinuria he·mo·glo·bi·nu·ri·a (hē’mə-glō’bə-nur’ē-ə, -nyur’-) n. The presence of free hemoglobin in the urine. he’mo·glo’bi·nu’ric adj.
- Hemoglobinuric nephrosis
hemoglobinuric nephrosis n. Acute oliguric renal failure associated with hemoglobinuria, following an incompatible blood transfusion.
[hee-muh-gram, hem-uh-] /ˈhi məˌgræm, ˈhɛm ə-/ noun 1. a graphic record of the cellular elements of the blood. hemogram he·mo·gram (hē’mə-grām’) n. A record of the findings from an examination of the blood, especially with reference to the numbers, proportions, and morphological features of the formed elements.
hemohistioblast he·mo·his·ti·o·blast (hē’mō-hĭs’tē-ə-blāst’) n. A primitive mesenchymal cell believed to be capable of developing into a histiocyte or into any of the various types of blood cells, including monocytes.