Henry Clay, 1832–84, U.S. songwriter.
physical or mental effort directed towards doing or making something
paid employment at a job or a trade, occupation, or profession
a duty, task, or undertaking
something done, made, etc, as a result of effort or exertion: a work of art
materials or tasks on which to expend effort or exertion
another word for workmanship (sense 3)
the place, office, etc, where a person is employed
any piece of material that is undergoing a manufacturing operation or process; workpiece
an engineering structure such as a bridge, building, etc
(physics) the transfer of energy expressed as the product of a force and the distance through which its point of application moves in the direction of the force Abbreviation W, w
a structure, wall, etc, built or used as part of a fortification system
(informal) make short work of, to handle or dispose of very quickly
(modifier) of, relating to, or used for work: work clothes, a work permit
(intransitive) to exert effort in order to do, make, or perform something
(intransitive) to be employed
(transitive) to carry on operations, activity, etc, in (a place or area): that salesman works the southern region
(transitive) to cause to labour or toil: he works his men hard
to operate or cause to operate, esp properly or effectively: to work a lathe, that clock doesn’t work
(transitive) to till or cultivate (land)
to handle or manipulate or be handled or manipulated: to work dough
to shape, form, or process or be shaped, formed, or processed: to work copper
to reach or cause to reach a specific condition, esp gradually: the rope worked loose
(transitive) (mainly US & Canadian) to solve (a mathematical problem)
(intransitive) to move in agitation: his face worked with anger
(transitive) often foll by up. to provoke or arouse: to work someone into a frenzy
(transitive) to effect or accomplish: to work one’s revenge
to make (one’s way) with effort: he worked his way through the crowd
(transitive) to make or decorate by hand in embroidery, tapestry, etc: she was working a sampler
(intransitive) (of a mechanism) to move in a loose or otherwise imperfect fashion
(intransitive) (of liquids) to ferment, as in brewing
(transitive) (informal) to manipulate or exploit to one’s own advantage
(transitive) (slang) to cheat or swindle
Old English weorc, worc “something done, deed, action, proceeding, business, military fortification,” from Proto-Germanic *werkan (cf. Old Saxon, Old Frisian, Dutch werk, Old Norse verk, Middle Dutch warc, Old High German werah, German Werk, Gothic gawaurki), from PIE root *werg- “to work” (see urge (v.)).
Work is less boring than amusing oneself. [Baudelaire, “Mon Coeur mis a nu,” 1862]
In Old English, the noun also had the sense of “fornication.” Workhouse in the sense of “place where the poor or petty criminals are lodged” first appeared 1650s. Works “industrial place” (usually with qualifying adj.) is attested from 1580s. Work ethic recorded from 1959.
a fusion of Old English wyrcan (past tense worhte, past participle geworht), from Proto-Germanic *wurkijanan; and Old English wircan (Mercian) “to work, operate, function,” formed relatively late from Proto-Germanic noun *werkan (see work (n.)). Related: Worked; working. Working class is from 1789 as a noun, 1839 as an adjective.
The transfer of energy from one object to another, especially in order to make the second object move in a certain direction. Work is equal to the amount of force multiplied by the distance over which it is applied. If a force of 10 newtons, for example, is applied over a distance of 3 meters, the work is equal to 30 newtons per meter, or 30 joules. The unit for measuring work is the same as that for energy in any system of units, since work is simply a transfer of energy. Compare energy, power.
In physics, the product of a force applied, and the distance through which that force acts.
In addition to the idioms beginning with
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Hensen Hen·sen (hěn’zən), (Christian Andreas) Viktor. 1835-1924. German physiologist noted for his research in embryology and his studies of the sense organs.
[henz-loh] /ˈhɛnz loʊ/ noun 1. Philip, died 1616, English theater manager. /ˈhɛnzləʊ/ noun 1. Philip. died 1616, English theatre manager, noted also for his diary
[hen-suh n] /ˈhɛn sən/ noun 1. Jim (James Maury Henson) 1936–90, U.S. puppeteer: creator of the Muppets. 2. Matthew Alexander, 1866–1955, U.S. arctic explorer: accompanied Peary to North Pole 1909.