Hoisted



[hoist or, sometimes, hahyst] /hɔɪst or, sometimes, haɪst/

verb (used with object)
1.
to raise or lift, especially by some mechanical appliance:
to hoist a flag; to hoist the mainsail.
2.
to raise to one’s lips and drink; drink (especially beer or whiskey) with gusto:
Let’s go hoist a few beers.
3.
Archaic. a simple past tense and past participle of .
noun
4.
an apparatus for hoisting, as a block and tackle, a derrick, or a crane.
5.
act of hoisting; a lift:
Give that sofa a hoist at your end.
6.
Nautical.

7.

Idioms
8.
hoist by / with one’s own petard. (def 4).
/hɔɪst/
verb
1.
(transitive) to raise or lift up, esp by mechanical means
2.
hoist with one’s own petard, See petard (sense 2)
noun
3.
any apparatus or device for hoisting
4.
the act of hoisting
5.
See rotary clothesline
6.
(nautical)

7.
(nautical) the length of the luff of a fore-and-aft sail
8.
(nautical) a group of signal flags
9.
the inner edge of a flag next to the staff Compare fly1 (sense 25)
v.

1540s, “to raise,” earlier hoise (c.1500), probably originally past tense of Middle English hysse (late 15c.), which is probably from Middle Dutch hyssen (Dutch hijsen) “to hoist,” related to Low German hissen and Old Norse hissa upp “raise.” A nautical word found in most European languages (e.g. French hisser, Italian issare, Spanish izar), but it is uncertain which had it first. Related: Hoisted; hoisting. In phrase hoist with one’s own petard, it is the past participle.

For ’tis the sport, to have the engineer
Hoist with his own petar: and it shall go hard
But I will delve one yard below their mines,
And blow them at the moon: O ’tis most sweet,
When in one line two crafts directly meet.
[“Hamlet,” Act III, Scene iv]

Meaning “to lift and remove” was prevalent c.1550-1750. As a noun, 1650s, from the verb.

adjective

Stolen: among the hoisted articles recently (1708+ Underworld)

noun

: Crooks speak of a job of hold-up as a ”hoist”

verb

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