noun, plural lingua francas, linguae francae
[ling-gwee fran-see] (Show IPA)
any language that is widely used as a means of communication among speakers of other languages.
(initial capital letter) the Italian-Provençal jargon (with elements of Spanish, French, Greek, Arabic, and Turkish) formerly widely used in eastern Mediterranean ports.
noun (pl) lingua francas, linguae francae (ˈlɪŋɡwiː ˈfrænsiː)
a language used for communication among people of different mother tongues
a hybrid language containing elements from several different languages used in this way
any system of communication providing mutual understanding
a particular lingua franca spoken from the time of the Crusades to the 18th century in the ports of the Mediterranean, based on Italian, Spanish, French, Arabic, Greek, and Turkish
1620s, from Italian, literally “Frankish tongue.” Originally a form of communication used in the Levant, a stripped-down Italian peppered with Spanish, French, Greek, Arabic, and Turkish words. The name is probably from the Arabic custom, dating back to the Crusades, of calling all Europeans Franks (see Frank). Sometimes in 17c. English sources also known as Bastard Spanish.
- Lingua geographica
lingua geographica lingua ge·o·graph·i·ca (jē’ə-grāf’ĭ-kə) n. Geographical tongue.
[zhuh-rahl] noun, (often initial capital letters) 1. a lingua franca based on Tupi and spoken in the Amazon basin of South America.
[ling-gwuh l] adjective 1. of or relating to the tongue or some tonguelike part. 2. pertaining to languages. 3. Phonetics. articulated with the aid of the tongue, especially the tip of the tongue, as d, n, s, or r. noun 4. Phonetics. a lingual sound. /ˈlɪŋɡwəl/ adjective 1. (anatomy) of or relating to the tongue […]
- Lingual artery
lingual artery n. An artery with origin in the carotid artery, with distribution to the undersurface of the tongue, terminating as the deep artery of the tongue, and with branches to the suprahyoid and dorsal lingual branches and the sublingual artery.