[li-thog-ruh-fee] /lɪˈθɒg rə fi/

the art or process of producing a picture, writing, or the like, on a flat, specially prepared stone, with some greasy or oily substance, and of taking ink impressions from this as in ordinary printing.
a similar process in which a substance other than stone, as aluminum or zinc, is used.
Compare (def 6).
a method of printing from a metal or stone surface on which the printing areas are not raised but made ink-receptive while the non-image areas are made ink-repellent

1813, from German Lithographie (c.1804), coined from Greek lithos “stone” (see litho-) + graphein “to write” (see -graphy). The original printing surfaces were of stone. Process invented 1796 by Alois Senefelder of Munich (1771-1833). Hence, lithograph “a lithographic print,” a back-formation first attested 1828. Earlier senses, now obsolete, were “description of stones or rocks” (1708) and “art of engraving on precious stones” (1730).


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