Mustard



[muhs-terd] /ˈmʌs tərd/

noun
1.
a pungent powder or paste prepared from the seed of the mustard plant, used as a food seasoning or condiment, and medicinally in plasters, poultices, etc.
2.
any of various acrid or pungent plants, especially of the genus Brassica, as B. juncea (leaf mustard) the leaves of which are used for food and B. nigra (black mustard) the chief source of commercial mustard, and Sinapis alba (white mustard)
Compare .
3.
.
Idioms
4.
cut the mustard, Slang. to reach or surpass the desired standard of performance:
a pitcher who cuts the mustard with his fastball.
/ˈmʌstəd/
noun
1.
any of several Eurasian plants of the genus Brassica, esp black mustard and white mustard, having yellow or white flowers and slender pods and cultivated for their pungent seeds: family Brassicaceae (crucifers) See also charlock
2.
a paste made from the powdered seeds of any of these plants and used as a condiment
3.

4.
(slang, mainly US) zest or enthusiasm
5.
(slang) cut the mustard, to come up to expectations
n.

late 13c. (late 12c. as a surname), from Old French mostarde “mustard, mustard plant” (Modern French moutarde), from moust “must,” from Latin mustum “new wine” (see must (n.1)); so called because it was originally prepared by adding must to the ground seeds of the plant to make a paste. As a color name, it is attested from 1848.

Mustard gas, World War I poison (first used by the Germans at Ypres, 1917), so called for its color and smell and burning effect on eyes and lungs; chemical name is dichlordiethyl sulfide, it contains no mustard, and is an atomized liquid, not a gas. To cut the mustard (1907, usually in negative) is probably from slang mustard “genuine article, best thing” (1903) on notion of “that which enhances flavor.”

I’m not headlined in the bills, but I’m the mustard in the salad dressing just the same. [O.Henry, “Cabbages and Kings,” 1904]

a plant of the genus sinapis, a pod-bearing, shrub-like plant, growing wild, and also cultivated in gardens. The little round seeds were an emblem of any small insignificant object. It is not mentioned in the Old Testament; and in each of the three instances of its occurrence in the New Testament (Matt. 13:31, 32; Mark 4:31, 32; Luke 13:18, 19) it is spoken of only with reference to the smallness of its seed. The common mustard of Palestine is the Sinapis nigra. This garden herb sometimes grows to a considerable height, so as to be spoken of as “a tree” as compared with garden herbs.

see: cut the mustard

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  • Mustard and cress

    noun 1. seedlings of white mustard and garden cress, used in salads

  • Mustard-family

    noun 1. the plant family Cruciferae (or Brassicaceae), characterized by herbaceous plants having alternate leaves, acrid or pungent juice, clusters of four-petaled flowers, and fruit in the form of a two-parted capsule, and including broccoli, cabbage, candytuft, cauliflower, cress, mustard, radish, sweet alyssum, turnip, and wallflower.



  • Mustard-gas

    noun 1. an oily liquid, C 4 H 8 Cl 2 S, used as a chemical-warfare gas, blistering the skin and damaging the lungs, often causing blindness and death: introduced by the Germans in World War I. noun 1. an oily liquid vesicant compound used in chemical warfare. Its vapour causes blindness and burns. Formula: […]

  • Mustard-oil

    noun 1. oil expressed from the seed of mustard, used chiefly in making soap. noun 1. an oil that is obtained from mustard seeds and used in making soap



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