[air-ee-uh n, air-yuh n, ar-] /ˈɛər i ən, ˈɛər yən, ˈær-/
Ethnology. a member or descendant of the prehistoric people who spoke Indo-European.
(in Nazi doctrine) a non-Jewish Caucasian, especially of Nordic stock.
of or relating to an Aryan or the Aryans.
(in Nazi ideology) a Caucasian of non-Jewish descent, esp of the Nordic type
a member of any of the peoples supposedly descended from the Indo-Europeans, esp a speaker of an Iranian or Indic language in ancient times
of, relating to, or characteristic of an Aryan or Aryans
c.1600, as a term in classical history, from Latin Arianus, Ariana, from Greek Aria, Areia, names applied in classical times to the eastern part of ancient Persia and to its inhabitants. Ancient Persians used the name in reference to themselves (Old Persian ariya-), hence Iran. Ultimately from Sanskrit arya- “compatriot;” in later language “noble, of good family.”
Also the name Sanskrit-speaking invaders of India gave themselves in the ancient texts, from which early 19c. European philologists (Friedrich Schlegel, 1819, who linked the word with German Ehre “honor”) applied it to the ancient people we now call Indo-Europeans (suspecting that this is what they called themselves); this use is attested in English from 1851. The term fell into the hands of racists, and in German from 1845 it was specifically contrasted to Semitic (Lassen).
German philologist Max Müller (1823-1900) popularized the term in his writings on comparative linguistics, recommending it as the name (replacing Indo-European, Indo-Germanic, Caucasian, Jshortened) for the group of related, inflected languages connected with these peoples, mostly found in Europe but also including Sanskrit and Persian. Arian was used in this sense from 1839 (and is more philologically correct), but this spelling caused confusion with Arian, the term in ecclesiastical history.
Gradually replaced in comparative linguistics c.1900 by Indo-European, except when used to distinguish Indo-European languages of India from non-Indo-European ones. Used in Nazi ideology to mean “member of a Caucasian Gentile race of Nordic type.” As an ethnic designation, however, it is properly limited to Indo-Iranians (most justly to the latter) and has fallen from general academic use since the Nazi era.
[ey-zhuh n, ey-shuh n] /ˈeɪ ʒən, ˈeɪ ʃən/ adjective 1. of, belonging to, or characteristic of or its inhabitants. noun 2. a native or inhabitant of , or a person of Asian descent. /ˈeɪʃən; ˈeɪʒən/ adjective 1. of or relating to Asia or to any of its peoples or languages 2. (Brit) of or relating […]
[uh-sur-shuh n] /əˈsɜr ʃən/ noun 1. a positive statement or declaration, often without support or reason: a mere assertion; an unwarranted assertion. 2. an act of . /əˈsɜːʃən/ noun 1. a positive statement, usually made without an attempt at furnishing evidence 2. the act of asserting n. early 15c., assercioun, from Middle French assertion (14c.) […]
[uh-sur-tiv] /əˈsɜr tɪv/ adjective 1. confidently aggressive or self-assured; positive: aggressive; dogmatic: He is too assertive as a salesman. 2. having a distinctive or pronounced taste or aroma. /əˈsɜːtɪv/ adjective 1. confident and direct in claiming one’s rights or putting forward one’s views 2. given to making assertions or bold demands; dogmatic or aggressive adj. […]
[non-uh-ses-uh-buh l] /ˌnɒn əˈsɛs ə bəl/ adjective 1. (of stock) exempting the investor from any expense or liability beyond the amount of his or her investment.