Part



[pahrt] /pɑrt/

noun
1.
a portion or division of a whole that is separate or distinct; piece, fragment, fraction, or section; constituent:
the rear part of the house; to glue the two parts together.
2.
an essential or integral attribute or quality:
a sense of humor is part of a healthy personality.
3.
a section or division of a literary work.
4.
a portion, member, or organ of an animal body.
5.
any of a number of more or less equal quantities that compose a whole or into which a whole is divided:
Use two parts sugar to one part cocoa.
6.
an allotted portion; share.
7.
Usually, parts.

8.
either of the opposing sides in a contest, question, agreement, etc.
9.
the dividing line formed in separating the hair of the head and combing it in different directions.
10.
a constituent piece of a machine or tool either included at the time of manufacture or set in place as a replacement for the original piece.
11.
Music.

12.
participation, interest, or concern in something; role:
The neighbors must have had some part in planning the surprise party.
13.
a person’s share in or contribution to some action; duty, function, or office:
You must do your part if we’re to finish by tonight.
14.
a character or role acted in a play or sustained in real life.
verb (used with object)
15.
to divide (a thing) into parts; break; cleave; divide.
16.
to comb (the hair) away from a dividing line.
17.
to divide into shares; distribute in parts; apportion.
18.
to put or keep apart; separate:
They parted the calves from the herd.
19.
Metallurgy.

20.
Obsolete. to leave.
verb (used without object)
21.
to be or become divided into parts; break or cleave:
The oil tanker parted amidships.
22.
to go or come apart; separate, as two or more things.
23.
to go apart from or leave one another, as persons:
We’ll part no more.
24.
to be or become separated from something else (usually followed by from).
25.
Nautical. to break or become torn apart, as a cable.
26.
to depart.
27.
to die.
adjective
28.
; of a part:
part owner.
adverb
29.
in part; :
part black.
Verb phrases
30.
part with, to give up (property, control, etc.); relinquish:
to part with one’s money.
Idioms
31.
for one’s part, as far as concerns one:
For my part, you can do whatever you please.
32.
for the most part, with respect to the greatest part; on the whole; generally; usually; mostly:
They are good students, for the most part.
33.
in good part,

34.
in part, in some measure or degree; to some extent; partly; partially:
The crop failure was due in part to unusual weather conditions.
35.
on the part of,

Also, on one’s part.
36.
part and parcel, an essential, necessary, or integral part:
Her love for her child was part and parcel of her life.
37.
part company,

38.
take part, to participate; share or partake:
They refused to take part in any of the activities of the community.
39.
take someone’s part, to align oneself with; support; defend:
His parents took his part, even though he was obviously in the wrong.
1.
.
2.
.
3.
.
/pɑːt/
noun
1.
a piece or portion of a whole
2.
an integral constituent of something: dancing is part of what we teach
3.

4.
one of several equal or nearly equal divisions: mix two parts flour to one part water
5.

6.
a person’s proper role or duty: everyone must do his part
7.
(often pl) region; area: you’re well known in these parts
8.
(anatomy) any portion of a larger structure
9.
a component that can be replaced in a machine, engine, etc: spare parts
10.
(US & Canadian, Austral) the line of scalp showing when sections of hair are combed in opposite directions British equivalent parting
11.
(music)

12.
for the most part, generally
13.
for one’s part, as far as one is concerned
14.
in part, to some degree; partly
15.
of many parts, having many different abilities
16.
on the part of, on behalf of
17.
part and parcel, an essential ingredient
18.
play a part

19.
take in good part, to respond to (teasing) with good humour
20.
take part in, to participate in
21.
take someone’s part, to support someone in an argument
verb
22.
to divide or separate from one another; take or come apart: to part the curtains, the seams parted when I washed the dress
23.
to go away or cause to go away from one another; stop or cause to stop seeing each other: the couple parted amicably
24.
(intransitive) foll by from. to leave; say goodbye (to)
25.
(intransitive) foll by with. to relinquish, esp reluctantly: I couldn’t part with my teddy bear
26.
(transitive) foll by from. to cause to relinquish, esp reluctantly: he’s not easily parted from his cash
27.
(intransitive) to split; separate: the path parts here
28.
(transitive) to arrange (the hair) in such a way that a line of scalp is left showing
29.
(intransitive) a euphemism for die1 (sense 1)
30.
(intransitive) (archaic) to depart
31.
part company

adverb
32.
to some extent; partly
abbreviation
1.
participle
2.
particular
n.

mid-13c., “division, portion of a whole,” from Old French part “share, portion; character; power, dominion; side, way, path,” from Latin partem (nominative pars) “a part, piece, a share, a division; a party or faction; a part of the body; a fraction; a function, office,” related to portio “share, portion,” from PIE root *pere- “to assign, allot” (cf. Greek peprotai “it has been granted,” Sanskrit purtam “reward,” Hittite parshiya- “fraction, part”).

It has replaced native deal (n.) in most senses. Theatrical sense (late 15c.) is from an actor’s “share” in a performance (The Latin plural partis was used in the same sense). Meaning “the parting of the hair” is 1890, American English.

As an adjective from 1590s. Late Old English part “part of speech” did not survive and the modern word is considered a separate borrowing. Phrase for the most part is from late 14c. To take part “participate” is from late 14c.
v.

c.1200, “to divide into parts; separate oneself,” from Old French partir “to divide, separate” (10c.), from Latin partire, partere “to share, part, distribute, divide,” from pars (see part (n.)).

Sense of “to separate (someone from someone else)” is from early 14c.; that of “to take leave” is from early 15c. Meaning “to separate the hair” is attested from 1610s. Related: Parted; parting. To part with “surrender” is from c.1300.

part (pärt)
n.

Related Terms

bit
1.
participle
2.
particle
3.
partitive

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    [pahrsh-vuh, pahrs-] /ˈpɑrʃ və, ˈpɑrs-/ noun, Jainism. 1. a semilegendary Tirthankara of the 8th century b.c., said to have been born after a series of pious incarnations in each of which he was killed by an antagonist who had originally been his elder brother: the twenty-third Tirthankara.

  • Partake

    [pahr-teyk] /pɑrˈteɪk/ verb (used without object), partook, partaken, partaking. 1. to take or have a part or share along with others; participate (usually followed by in): He won’t partake in the victory celebration. 2. to receive, take, or have a share or portion (usually followed by of): to partake of a meal. 3. to have […]



  • Partaker

    [pahr-teyk] /pɑrˈteɪk/ verb (used without object), partook, partaken, partaking. 1. to take or have a part or share along with others; participate (usually followed by in): He won’t partake in the victory celebration. 2. to receive, take, or have a share or portion (usually followed by of): to partake of a meal. 3. to have […]

  • Partaken

    [pahr-teyk] /pɑrˈteɪk/ verb (used without object), partook, partaken, partaking. 1. to take or have a part or share along with others; participate (usually followed by in): He won’t partake in the victory celebration. 2. to receive, take, or have a share or portion (usually followed by of): to partake of a meal. 3. to have […]



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