Penal



[peen-l] /ˈpin l/

adjective
1.
of, relating to, or involving punishment, as for crimes or offenses.
2.
prescribing punishment:
penal laws.
3.
constituting punishment:
He survived the years of penal hardship.
4.
used as a place of confinement and punishment:
a penal colony.
5.
subject to or incurring punishment:
a penal offense.
6.
payable or forfeitable as a penalty:
a penal sum.
/ˈpiːnəl/
adjective
1.
of, relating to, constituting, or prescribing punishment
2.
payable as a penalty: a penal sum
3.
used or designated as a place of punishment: a penal institution
adj.

“pertaining to punishment,” mid-15c., from Old French peinal (12c., Modern French pénal) and directly from Medieval Latin penalis, from Latin poenalis “pertaining to punishment,” from poena “punishment,” from Greek poine “blood-money, fine, penalty, punishment,” from PIE *kwoina, from root *kwei- “to pay, atone, compensate” (cf. Greek time “price, worth, honor, esteem, respect,” tinein “to pay a price, punish, take vengeance;” Sanskrit cinoti “observes, notes;” Avestan kaena “punishment, vengeance;” Old Church Slavonic cena “honor, price;” Lithuanian kaina “value, price”).

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    [peen-l-ahyz, pen-] /ˈpin lˌaɪz, ˈpɛn-/ verb (used with object), penalized, penalizing. 1. to subject to a penalty, as a person. 2. to declare (an action, deed, etc.) punishable by law or rule. 3. to put under a disadvantage or handicap. /ˈpiːnəˌlaɪz/ verb (transitive) 1. to impose a penalty on (someone), as for breaking a law […]

  • Penalised

    [peen-l-ahyz, pen-] /ˈpin lˌaɪz, ˈpɛn-/ verb (used with object), penalized, penalizing. 1. to subject to a penalty, as a person. 2. to declare (an action, deed, etc.) punishable by law or rule. 3. to put under a disadvantage or handicap. /ˈpiːnəˌlaɪz/ verb (transitive) 1. to impose a penalty on (someone), as for breaking a law […]



  • Penality

    [peen-l] /ˈpin l/ adjective 1. of, relating to, or involving punishment, as for crimes or offenses. 2. prescribing punishment: penal laws. 3. constituting punishment: He survived the years of penal hardship. 4. used as a place of confinement and punishment: a penal colony. 5. subject to or incurring punishment: a penal offense. 6. payable or […]

  • Penalization

    [peen-l-ahyz, pen-] /ˈpin lˌaɪz, ˈpɛn-/ verb (used with object), penalized, penalizing. 1. to subject to a penalty, as a person. 2. to declare (an action, deed, etc.) punishable by law or rule. 3. to put under a disadvantage or handicap. /ˈpiːnəˌlaɪz/ verb (transitive) 1. to impose a penalty on (someone), as for breaking a law […]



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