[rash-uh n, rey-shuh n] /ˈræʃ ən, ˈreɪ ʃən/
a fixed allowance of provisions or food, especially for soldiers or sailors or for civilians during a shortage:
a daily ration of meat and bread.
an allotted amount:
They finally saved up enough gas rations for the trip.
verb (used with object)
to supply, apportion, or distribute as rations (often followed by out):
to ration out food to an army.
to supply or provide with rations:
to ration an army with food.
to restrict the consumption of (a commodity, food, etc.):
to ration meat during war.
to restrict the consumption of (a consumer):
The civilian population was rationed while the war lasted.
a sufficient or adequate amount: you’ve had your ration of television for today
(often foll by out) to distribute (provisions), esp to an army
to restrict the distribution or consumption of (a commodity) by (people): the government has rationed sugar, sugar is short, so I’ll have to ration you
1550, “reasoning,” later, “relation of one number to another” (1660s), then “fixed allowance of food” (1702, often rations, from French ration in this sense), from Latin rationem (nominative ratio) “a reckoning, calculation, proportion” (see ratio). The military pronunciation (rhymes with fashion) took over from the preferred civilian pronunciation (rhymes with nation) during World War I.
“put (someone) on a fixed allowance,” 1859, from ration (n.); sense of “apportion in fixed amounts” is from 1870. Related: Rationed; rationing.
[rash-uh-nal] /ˌræʃ əˈnæl/ noun 1. the fundamental reason or reasons serving to account for something. 2. a statement of reasons. 3. a reasoned exposition of principles. /ˌræʃəˈnɑːl/ noun 1. a reasoned exposition, esp one defining the fundamental reasons for a course of action, belief, etc n. 1650s, “exposition of principles,” from Late Latin rationale, noun […]
- Rational-emotive therapy
[rash-uh-nl-i-moh-tiv] /ˈræʃ ə nl ɪˈmoʊ tɪv/ noun, Psychology. 1. a form of therapy in which a patient is asked to reject irrational attitudes and assumptions in order to deal effectively with stressful situations.
noun, Mathematics. 1. a quotient of two polynomials with integral coefficients.
- Rational fortran
language (RATFOR) Brian Kernighan’s Fortran preprocessor that allows programming with C-like control flow. RATFOR is mainly of historical significance. A translator from Ratfor to Fortran IV was posted to comp.sources.Unix volume 13. (ftp://ftp.wustl.edu/mirrors/Unix-c/languages/ratfor.tar-z). [“Ratfor – A Preprocessor for a Rational Fortran”, B.W. Kernighan, Soft Prac & Exp 5:395-406, Oct 1975]. [“Software Tools”, B.W. Kernighan & […]