a white, crystalline, water-soluble, slightly sweet solid, C 5 H 1 0 O 5 , a pentose sugar obtained by the hydrolysis of RNA.
(biochem) a pentose sugar that is an isomeric form of arabinose and that occurs in RNA and riboflavin. Formula: CH2OH(CHOH)3CHO
ribose ri·bose (rī’bōs’)
A pentose sugar occurring as a component of riboflavin, nucleotides, and nucleic acids.
A pentose sugar with a furanose structure that occurs as a component of riboflavin and RNA. Chemical formula: C5H10O5.
- Ribose 5-phosphate isomerase
ribose 5-phosphate isomerase n. An enzyme that plays an important role in ribose metabolism. Also called phosphoriboisomerase.
noun, plural ribosos. 1. rebozo.
- Ribosomal RNA
noun, Biochemistry. 1. a type of RNA, distinguished by its length and abundance, functioning in protein synthesis as a component of ribosomes. Abbreviation: rRNA.
noun, Cell Biology. 1. a tiny, somewhat mitten-shaped organelle occurring in great numbers in the cell cytoplasm either freely, in small clusters, or attached to the outer surfaces of endoplasmic reticula, and functioning as the site of protein manufacture. noun 1. any of numerous minute particles in the cytoplasm of cells, either free or attached […]