A non-profit private foundation, based in Paris, France, which contributes to the prevention and treatment of disease, primarily infectious diseases, through research, education, and public health activities.
The Pasteur Institute was inaugurated on November 14th, 1888. It was created thanks to the success of an international fund to allow Louis Pasteur to expand vaccination against rabies, to develop the study of infectious diseases and to spread his knowledge. As soon as his institute was created, Pasteur brought together scientists with various specialties. The first five departments were directed by Emile Duclaux (general microbe research), Charles Chamberland (microbe research applied to hygiene), Elie Metchnikoff (morphological microbe research), Joseph Grancher (rabies) and Emile Roux (technical microbe research). One year after the inauguration of the Pasteur Institute, Roux will set up the first course of microbiology ever taught in the world. Very quickly, Pastorians spread worldwide, to apply and transmit the “Pastorian method” and to study the particular characteristics of exotic diseases. So, together with the development of the Pasteur Institute, an international network of Pasteur Institutes and of associated institutes will form, that now includes some 20 establishments spread over the five continents.
- Pasteur, Louis
A French chemist and biologist who invented pasteurization, developed the germ theory, founded the field of bacteriology, and created the first vaccines against anthrax and rabies.
A method of treating food by heating it to a certain point to kill pathogenic (disease-causing) organisms but not harm the flavor or quality of the food. Milk is pasteurized by heating it to about 145°F (63°C) for 30 minutes or, using the “flash” method, by heating it to 160°F (71°C) for 15 seconds, followed […]
Paroxysmal atrial tachycardia.
- Patau syndrome (trisomy 13 syndrome)
A syndrome characterized by multiple malformations, commonly including scalp defects, hemangiomas (blood vessel malformations) of the face and nape of the neck, cleft lip and palate, malformations of the heart and abdominal organs, and flexed fingers with extra digits. Patients with Patau syndrome are also profoundly mentally retarded. This syndrome is due to the presence […]