a suffix meaning “capable of, susceptible of, fit for, tending to, given to,” -ssociated in meaning with the word able, occurring in loanwords from latin (laudable); used in english as a highly productive suffix to form adjectives by addition to stems of any origin (teachable; photographable).
also, -ble, -ible.
capable of, suitable for, or deserving of (being acted upon as indicated) enjoyable, pitiable, readable, separable, washable
inclined to; given to; able to; causing comfortable, reasonable, variable
via old french from latin -ābilis,-ībilis, forms of -bilis, adjectival suffix
suffix expressing ability, capacity, fitness, from fr., from l. -ibilis, -abilis, forming adjectives from verbs, from pie –tro-, a suffix used to form nouns of instrument. in l., infinitives in -are took -abilis, others -ibilis; in eng., -able is used for native words, -ible for words of obvious l. origin. the latin suffix is not etymologically connected with able, but it long has been popularly -ssociated with it, and this has contributed to its survival as a living suffix. it is related to the second syllable of rudder and saddle.
a suffix combining -able and -ly that forms adverbs corresponding to adjectives ending in -able: commendably; dependably; tolerably . also, -ibly.
variant of -ic after greek noun stems ending in i: cardiac; maniac.
zoology a suffix used in the formation of names of cl-sses and orders: crustacea. -acea suffix denoting animals belonging to a cl-ss or order crustacea (cl-ss), cetacea (order) word origin new latin, from latin, neuter plural of -āceus-aceous -acea suffix denoting orders and cl-sses in zoology, from l. -acea, neut. pl. of -aceus “belonging to, […]
botany a suffix used in the formation of names of families: rosaceae. -aceae suffix denoting plants belonging to a family liliaceae, ranunculaceae word origin new latin, from latin, feminine plural of -āceus-aceous
a suffix with the meanings “resembling, having the nature of,” “made of,” occurring in loanwords from latin (cretaceous; herbaceous) and forming adjectives in english on the latin model (ceraceous), especially adjectival correspondents to taxonomic names ending in -acea, and -aceae: rosaceous . -aceous suffix relating to, belonging to, having the nature of, or resembling herbaceous, […]