Ablative absolute

a construction not dependent upon any other part of the sentence, consisting of a noun and a participle, noun and adjective, or two nouns, in which both members are in the ablative case, as Latin viā factā, “the road having been made.”.
Historical Examples

As for the ablative absolute, its reconstruction and regeneration have been the inspiring principle of my studious manhood.
Average Jones Samuel Hopkins Adams

To-night I have a pressing engagement with the ablative absolute.
Daddy Long-Legs Jean Webster

This he remembered had interrupted the silent rehearsal of the sentence with the ablative absolute in it.
Princeton Stories Jesse Lynch Williams

Try to remember, Quinlan, what I told you about the use of the ablative absolute.
Short Sixes H. C. Bunner

Finding an ablative absolute, they are confident of finding some sort of proposition: and there it is, to their hand.
Household Education Harriet Martineau

Zamenhof states that the “ablative absolute” does not exist in Esperanto, as its use would be against the spirit of the language.
The International Auxiliary Language Esperanto George Cox

Adverbial enlargements of Predicate (though an ablative absolute must generally stand first).
Helps to Latin Translation at Sight Edmund Luce

A very stiff adaptation of the ablative absolute of the original, ‘conventione autem facta cum operariis.’
Anglo-Saxon Primer Henry Sweet

The first three lines might have been expressed by an ablative absolute in two words—Troia euersa.
The Oxford Book of Latin Verse Various

The ablative absolute is grammatically independent of the rest of the sentence.
New Latin Grammar Charles E. Bennett

an absolute construction in Latin grammar in which a governor noun and a modifier in the ablative case function as a sentence modifier; for example, hostibus victis, “the enemy having been beaten”

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