expressing contrariety, opposition, or antithesis:
“But” is an adversative conjunction.
an adversative word or proposition.
Historical Examples

But the conjunction is often omitted in copulative and adversative clauses, as in Sec.
An English Grammar W. M. Baskervill and J. W. Sewell

Then let him deliberately use the adversative but, and proceed to the discussion of B.
The Century Handbook of Writing Garland Greever

They accordingly emphasize the adversative idea, and are properly Subordinate adversative Clauses.
New Latin Grammar Charles E. Bennett

Without the adversative, the colon is to be preferred: “Prosperity showeth vice: adversity, virtue.”
The Verbalist Thomas Embly Osmun, (AKA Alfred Ayres)

Another example is, “Only the star dazzles; the planet has a faint, moon-like ray” (adversative).
An English Grammar W. M. Baskervill and J. W. Sewell

(of a word, phrase, or clause) implying opposition or contrast. But and although are adversative conjunctions introducing adversative clauses
an adversative word or speech element

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