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Prosody. an unstressed syllable or syllable group that begins a line of verse but is not counted as part of the first foot.
Music. the note or notes preceding a downbeat; upbeat.
noun (pl) -ses (-siːz)
(prosody) one or more unstressed syllables at the beginning of a line of verse

an unstressed note or group of notes immediately preceding the strong first beat of the first bar
another word for upbeat


“unstressed syllable at the beginning of a verse,” 1833, Latinized from Greek anakrousis “a pushing back,” of a ship, “backing water,” from anakrouein “to push back, stop short, check,” from ana- “back” (see ana-) + krouein “to strike,” from PIE *kreue- (2) “to push, strike” (cf. Russian krusit, Lithuanian krusu “to smash, shatter,” Old Church Slavonic kruchu “piece, bit of food,” Old English hreowian “feel pain or sorrow,” Old Norse hryggja “make sad”).


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