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the continent surrounding the South Pole: almost entirely covered by an ice sheet. About 5,000,000 sq. mi. (12,950,000 sq. km).
Contemporary Examples

Harry, the expedition patron, announced last month that he will join the gruelling 210-mile trek across Antarctica this winter.
Thanks Bro! Royal Charity Donates £100,000 to Harry’s South Pole Mission Tom Sykes May 12, 2013

They were nearly snowed in at Novolazarevskaya Station, Antarctica where they arrived in mid-November.
Prince Harry Arrives at South Pole Tom Sykes December 12, 2013

Michael Clinton, president of marketing at Hearst, just ran a marathon in Antarctica.
Joanna Coles: Why Cosmopolitan Does Sexy and Serious So Well Lloyd Grove August 21, 2014

Let’s hope he didn’t get frostbite – here’s the science of getting naked in Antarctica.
Nude At The South Pole, It’s Alexander Skarsgard, NOT Prince Harry (This Time!) Tom Sykes January 9, 2014

Another, Autosub-2, was trapped as it explored life beneath permanent ice shelves around Antarctica in 2005.
Lost Ocean Rover Leaves Gap in Biology and Alzheimer’s Research Beenish Ahmed June 8, 2014

Historical Examples

Hobbs reports that explorers in Antarctica and Greenland have frequently observed condensation on their clothing.
Climatic Changes Ellsworth Huntington

The Brainchild lifted from Antarctica at exactly 2100 hours, Greenwich time.
Unwise Child Gordon Randall Garrett

“Antarctica,” the sixth continent itself, still lay unseen and untrodden.
The South Pole, Volumes 1 and 2 Roald Amundsen

Do you mean that everyone who’s been arrested is here, in Antarctica?
The Penal Cluster Ivar Jorgensen (AKA Randall Garrett)

On January 6th, the Commander made his first flight in Antarctica, making many photographs from his plane.
Famous Flyers David Goodger (goodger@python.org)

a continent around the South Pole: consists of an ice-covered plateau, 1800–3000 m (6000 ft to 10 000 ft) above sea level, and mountain ranges rising to 4500 m (15 000 ft) with some volcanic peaks; average temperatures all below freezing and human settlement is confined to research stations. All political claims to the mainland are suspended under the Antarctic Treaty of 1959

continent name attributed to Scottish cartographer John George Bartholomew (1860-1920), who used it on a map published 1887. From antarctic (q.v.). Hypothetical southern continents had been imagined since antiquity; first sighting of Antarctica by Europeans probably was 1820 (Lazarev and Bellingshausen). Also cf. Antipodes.

Continent surrounding the South Pole, located almost entirely within the Antarctic Circle. It is covered by an ice cap up to thirteen thousand feet thick.

Note: Antarctica is characterized by extremely low temperatures.

Note: In 1911, Roald Amundsen became the first explorer to reach the South Pole, followed shortly thereafter by Robert Scott.


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