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to sew with long, loose stitches, as in temporarily tacking together pieces of a garment while it is being made.
to moisten (meat or other food) while cooking, with drippings, butter, etc.
liquid used to moisten and flavor food during cooking:
a baste of sherry and pan juices.
to beat with a stick; thrash; cudgel.
to denounce or scold vigorously:
an editorial basting the candidate for irresponsible statements.
Historical Examples

After dinner the ould mon said the Spring lamb tasted kin o’ quare an’ he wondered had Oi cooked the baste enough.
Witty Pieces by Witty People Various

Put it into the oven, and baste it occasionally, while baking, with its own drippings.
Directions for Cookery, in its Various Branches Eliza Leslie

baste the other side of the band down, and hem as on the right side.
The Library of Work and Play: Needlecraft Effie Archer Archer

To baste it with its own dripping will make the skin tough and hard.
Directions for Cookery, in its Various Branches Eliza Leslie

After the flour has become brown, baste the veal every fifteen minutes.
The Young Housekeeper’s Friend Mrs. (Mary Hooker) Cornelius

baste it at first with a little salt and water, and then with its own gravy.
Directions for Cookery, in its Various Branches Eliza Leslie

Cut the bone short, place in a hot oven for twenty minutes; then add one cupful of hot water; baste frequently.
The Century Cook Book Mary Ronald

Lay in the pan in which it is to be roasted some fat pork to baste it.
Culture and Cooking Catherine Owen

On woolen goods or material that does not crease easily it is necessary to baste the first fold.
Handicraft for Girls Idabelle McGlauflin

When the first basting is dry, baste it again, and repeat this till the bird is nicely crusted over, and sufficiently done.
The Cook and Housekeeper’s Complete and Universal Dictionary; Including a System of Modern Cookery, in all Its Various Branches, Mary Eaton

(transitive) to sew with loose temporary stitches
to moisten (meat) during cooking with hot fat and the juices produced
(transitive) to beat thoroughly; thrash

“sew together loosely,” c.1400, from Old French bastir “build, construct, sew up (a garment), baste, make, prepare, arrange” (12c., Modern French bâtir “to build”), probably from a Germanic source, from Proto-Germanic *bastjan “join together with bast” (cf. Old High German besten; see bast).

“to soak in gravy, moisten,” late 14c., of unknown origin, possibly from Old French basser “to moisten, soak,” from bassin “basin” (see basin). Related: Basted; basting.

“beat, thrash,” 1530s, perhaps from the cookery sense of baste (v.2) or from some Scandinavian source (e.g. Swedish basa “to beat, flog,” bösta “to thump”) akin to Old Norse beysta “to beat,” and related to Old English beatan (see beat (v.)).


To strike violently and repeatedly: he basted the dog after it misbehaved (1530s+)


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