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near to or next to:
a home by a lake.
over the surface of, through the medium of, along, or using as a route:
He came by the highway. She arrived by air.
on, as a means of conveyance:
They arrived by ship.
to and beyond the vicinity of; past:
He went by the church.
within the extent or period of; during:
by day; by night.
not later than; at or before:
I usually finish work by five o’clock.
to the extent or amount of:
The new house is larger than the old one by a great deal. He’s taller than his sister by three inches.
from the opinion, evidence, or authority of:
By his own account he was in Chicago at the time. I know him by sight.
according to; in conformity with:
This is a bad movie by any standards.
with (something) at stake; on:
to swear by all that is sacred.
through the agency, efficacy, work, participation, or authority of:
The book was published by Random House.
from the hand, mind, invention, or creativity of:
She read a poem by Emily Dickinson. The phonograph was invented by Thomas Edison.
in consequence, as a result, or on the basis of:
We met by chance. We won the game by forfeit.
accompanied with or in the atmosphere of:
Lovers walk by moonlight.
in treatment or support of; for:
He did well by his children.
after; next after, as of the same items in a series:
piece by piece; little by little.
(in multiplication) taken the number of times as that specified by the second number, or multiplier:
Multiply 18 by 57.
(in measuring shapes) having an adjoining side of, as a width relative to a length:
a room 10 feet by 12 feet.
(in division) separated into the number of equal parts as that specified by the second number, or divisor:
Divide 99 by 33.
in terms or amounts of; in measuring units of:
Apples are sold by the bushel. I’m paid by the week.
begot or born of:
Eve had two sons by Adam.
(of quadrupeds) having as a sire:
Equipoise II by Equipoise.
Navigation. (as used in the names of the 16 smallest points on the compass) one point toward the east, west, north, or south of N, NE, E, SE, S, SW, W, or NW, respectively:
He sailed NE by N from Pago Pago.
into, at, or to:
Come by my office this afternoon.
near; in the immediate vicinity; at hand:
The school is close by.
to and beyond a point near something; past:
The car drove by.
aside; away:
Put your work by for the moment. Over the years, she laid by enough money to retire.
over; past:
in times gone by.
by me.

(in bridge and other bidding card games) a declaration that the speaker is passing.
(in poker) a declaration that the speaker is checking:
Is my pair of tens still high? By me.

situated to one side:
They came down a by passage.
secondary, incidental:
It was only a by comment.
bye1 .
by and by, in a short time; before long; presently:
The clouds will disappear by and by.
by and large, in general; on the whole:
By and large, there is much to be said for the new system.
by the by. bye1 (def 6).
Sports. in a tournament, the preferential status of a player or team not paired with a competitor in an early round and thus automatically advanced to play in the next round:
The top three seeded players received byes in the first round.
Golf. the holes of a stipulated course still unplayed after the match is finished.
Cricket. a run made on a ball not struck by the batsman.
something subsidiary, secondary, or out of the way.
by1 .
by the bye, by the way; incidentally:
By the bye, how do you spell your name?
Also, by the by.
Historical Examples

The Possessed Fyodor Dostoevsky
The Flying Mercury Eleanor M. Ingram
Neighbors Jacob A. Riis
The Red Debt Everett MacDonald
A Girl in Ten Thousand L. T. Meade
Comrades Thomas Dixon
Round the Block John Bell Bouton
The Campers Out Edward S. Ellis
Romany of the Snows Gilbert Parker
The White Rose of Memphis William C. Falkner

used to indicate the agent after a passive verb: seeds eaten by the birds
used to indicate the person responsible for a creative work: this song is by Schubert
via; through: enter by the back door
followed by a gerund to indicate a means used: he frightened her by hiding behind the door
beside; next to; near: a tree by the house
passing the position of; past: he drove by the old cottage
not later than; before: return the books by Tuesday
used to indicate extent, after a comparative: it is hotter by five degrees than it was yesterday
(esp in oaths) invoking the name of: I swear by all the gods
multiplied by: four by three equals twelve
(in habitual sentences) during the passing of (esp in the phrases by day, by night)
placed between measurements of the various dimensions of something: a plank fourteen inches by seven
near: the house is close by
away; aside: he put some money by each week for savings
passing a point near something; past: he drove by
(Scot) past; over and done with: that’s a’ by now
(Scot) aside; behind one: you must put that by you
noun (pl) byes
a variant spelling of bye1
(sport) the situation in which a player or team in an eliminatory contest wins a preliminary round by virtue of having no opponent
(golf) one or more holes of a stipulated course that are left unplayed after the match has been decided
(cricket) a run scored off a ball not struck by the batsman: allotted to the team as an extra and not to the individual batsman See also leg bye
something incidental or secondary
by the bye, incidentally; by the way: used as a sentence connector
sentence substitute
(Brit, informal) goodbye

With; as far as concerns: Five skins is jake by me
At; to; at the place of: I’ll buy you a drink by Antek

budget year


Read Also:

  • Bye

    Sports. in a tournament, the preferential status of a player or team not paired with a competitor in an early round and thus automatically advanced to play in the next round: The top three seeded players received byes in the first round. Golf. the holes of a stipulated course still unplayed after the match is […]

  • Chance

    the absence of any cause of events that can be predicted, understood, or controlled: often personified or treated as a positive agency: Chance governs all. luck or fortune: a game of chance. a possibility or probability of anything happening: a fifty-percent chance of success. an opportune or favorable time; opportunity: Now is your chance. Baseball. […]

  • By-coincidence

    Through an accidental simultaneous occurrence, as in By coincidence both researchers discovered the same solution. [ Mid-1600s ] Also see: by chance

  • Contrary

    opposite in nature or character; diametrically or mutually opposed: contrary to fact; contrary propositions. opposite in direction or position: departures in contrary directions. being the opposite one of two: I will make the contrary choice. unfavorable or adverse. perverse; stubbornly opposed or willful. something that is contrary or opposite: to prove the contrary of a […]

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