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[shi-kah-goh, -kaw-] /ʃɪˈkɑ goʊ, -ˈkɔ-/

Judy (Judy Cohen) born 1939, U.S. artist, author, and educator.
a city in NE Illinois, on Lake Michigan: second largest city in the U.S.
a river formed in Chicago that flows through downtown and, as engineered, to the Des Plaines River: part of the Illinois Waterway.
a port in NE Illinois, on Lake Michigan: the third largest city in the US; it is a major railway and air traffic centre. Pop: 2 869 121 (2003 est)

town founded in 1833, named from a Canadian French form of an Algonquian word, either Fox /sheka:ko:heki “place of the wild onion,” or Ojibwa shika:konk “at the skunk place” (sometimes rendered “place of the bad smell”). The Ojibwa “skunk” word is distantly related to the New England Algonquian word that yielded Modern English skunk (n.). Related: Chicagoan.

Largest city in Illinois; located on Lake Michigan.

Note: Originally called the “Windy City” because the city bragged about the 1893 World Expo that was held there. The term has since come to refer to the strong northern winds that blow off the lake in the winter.

Note: For many years the second largest city in the United States, before being displaced by Los Angeles, and therefore referred to as the “Second City.”

Note: During the time of Prohibition, Chicago was controlled by gangsters, Al Capone being the most notorious. Gangster warfare continued long after this particularly violent period.

Note: Carl Sandburg, in his poem “Chicago,” called the city the “Hog Butcher for the World” because of Chicago’s heavy involvement in the meat-packing industry.

Note: Chicago’s downtown is referred to as the “Loop” because it is enclosed by elevated railways, called the “El.”

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Read Also:

  • Chicagoan

    [shi-kah-goh-uh n, -kaw-] /ʃɪˈkɑ goʊ ən, -ˈkɔ-/ noun 1. a native or inhabitant of Chicago, Ill.

  • Chicago-board-of-trade

    noun 1. a major exchange in the United States that deals in futures, notably of grains and metals. Abbreviation: CBT.

  • Chicago-fire

    noun, U.S. History. 1. a three-day fire in Chicago, Ill., in 1871 that largely destroyed the city and took several hundred lives.

  • Chicago-heights

    noun 1. a city in NE Illinois, S of Chicago.

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