[noun kom-pluh-muh nt; verb kom-pluh-ment] /noun ˈkɒm plə mənt; verb ˈkɒm pləˌmɛnt/
something that completes or makes perfect:
A good wine is a complement to a good meal.
the quantity or amount that completes anything:
We now have a full complement of packers.
either of two parts or things needed to complete the whole; counterpart.
full quantity or amount; complete allowance.
the full number of officers and crew required on a ship.
Geometry. the quantity by which an angle or an arc falls short of 90° or a quarter of a circle.
Compare (def 4).
Also called absolute complement. Mathematics. the set of all the elements of a universal set not included in a given set.
Music. the interval that completes an octave when added to a given interval.
verb (used with object)
to complete; form a complement to:
This belt complements the dress better than that one.
Obsolete. to compliment.
verb (used without object)
Obsolete. to compliment.
a person or thing that completes something
one of two parts that make up a whole or complete each other
a complete amount, number, etc (often in the phrase full complement)
the officers and crew needed to man a ship
(maths) the angle that when added to a specified angle produces a right angle
(logic, maths) the class of all things, or of all members of a given universe of discourse, that are not members of a given set
(music) the inverted form of an interval that, when added to the interval, completes the octave: the sixth is the complement of the third
(immunol) a group of proteins in the blood serum that, when activated by antibodies, causes destruction of alien cells, such as bacteria
(transitive) to add to, make complete, or form a complement to
late 14c., “that which completes,” from Old French compliement “accomplishment, fulfillment” (14c., Modern French complément), from Latin complementum “that which fills up or completes,” from complere “fill up” (see complete (adj.)). Originally also having senses which were taken up c.1650-1725 by compliment.
1610s, “exchange courtesies,” from complement (n.). Meaning “make complete” is from 1640s. Related: Complemented; complementing.
complement com·ple·ment (kŏm’plə-mənt)
A group of proteins found in normal blood serum and plasma that are activated sequentially in a cascadelike mechanism that allows them to combine with antibodies and destroy pathogenic bacteria and other foreign cells.
[kom-pluh-men-tid] /ˈkɒm pləˌmɛn tɪd/ adjective 1. having a or . 2. Mathematics. (of a lattice containing a smallest element and a greatest element) having the property that corresponding to each element of the lattice is a second element such that the greatest lower bound of the two elements is the smallest element of the lattice […]
noun, Linguistics. 1. a subordinate clause that functions as the subject, direct object, or prepositional object of a verb, as that you like it in I’m surprised that you like it.
- Complement binding assay
complement binding assay n. An assay for detecting immune complexes.
[kuh m-poz-it] /kəmˈpɒz ɪt/ adjective 1. made up of disparate or separate parts or elements; compound: a composite drawing; a composite philosophy. 2. Botany. belonging to the Compositae. Compare . 3. (initial capital letter) Architecture. noting or pertaining to one of the five classical orders, popular especially since the beginning of the Renaissance but invented […]