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[koun-ter-fak-choo-uh l] /ˌkaʊn tərˈfæk tʃu əl/

noun, Logic.
a conditional statement the first clause of which expresses something contrary to fact, as “If I had known.”.
expressing what has not happened but could, would, or might under differing conditions
a conditional statement in which the first clause is a past tense subjunctive statement expressing something contrary to fact, as in: if she had hurried she would have caught the bus

1946, from counter- + factual.


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