the brown, hard outer portion or surface of a loaf or slice of bread (distinguished from ).
a slice of bread from the end of a loaf, consisting chiefly of this.
the pastry covering the outside of a pie or other dish.
a piece of stale bread.
any more or less hard external covering or coating:
a crust of snow.
Geology. the outer layer of the earth, about 22 miles (35 km) deep under the continents (continental crust) and 6 miles (10 km) deep under the oceans (oceanic crust)
Compare (def 3), 1 (def 10).
a scab or eschar.
Slang. unabashed self-assertiveness; nerve; gall:
He had a lot of crust going to the party without an invitation.
deposit from wine, as it ripens during aging, on the interior of bottles, consisting of tartar and coloring matter.
the hard outer shell or covering of an animal.
Australian Slang. a living or livelihood:
What do you do for a crust?
verb (used with object)
to cover with or as with a crust; encrust.
to form (something) into a crust.
verb (used without object)
to form or contract a crust.
to form into a crust.
the baked shell of a pie, tart, etc
any hard or stiff outer covering or surface: a crust of ice
the solid outer shell of the earth, with an average thickness of 30–35 km in continental regions and 5 km beneath the oceans, forming the upper part of the lithosphere and lying immediately above the mantle, from which it is separated by the Mohorovičić discontinuity See also sial, sima
the dry covering of a skin sore or lesion; scab
a layer of acid potassium tartrate deposited by some wine, esp port, on the inside of the bottle
the hard outer layer of such organisms as lichens and crustaceans
(Brit & Austral, NZ, slang) a living (esp in the phrase earn a crust)
to cover with or acquire a crust
to form or be formed into a crust
early 14c., “hard outer part of bread,” from Old French crouste (13c., Modern French croûte) and directly from Latin crusta “rind, crust, shell, bark,” from PIE *krus-to- “that which has been hardened,” from root *kreus- “to begin to freeze, form a crust” (cf. Sanskrit krud- “make hard, thicken;” Avestan xruzdra- “hard;” Greek krystallos “ice, crystal,” kryos “icy cold, frost;” Lettish kruwesis “frozen mud;” Old High German hrosa “ice, crust;” Old English hruse “earth;” Old Norse hroðr “scurf”). Meaning “outer shell of the earth” is from 1550s.
late 14c.; see crust (n.). Related: Crusted; crusting.
v. crust·ed, crust·ing, crusts
To cover with, become covered with, or harden into a crust.
The solid, outermost layer of the Earth, lying above the mantle. ◇ The crust that includes continents is called continental crust and is about 35.4 to 70 km (22 to 43.4 mi) thick. It consists mostly of rocks, such as granites and granodiorites, that are rich in silica and aluminum, with minor amounts of iron, magnesium, calcium, sodium, and potassium. ◇ The crust that includes ocean floors is called oceanic crust and is about 4.8 to 9.7 km (3 to 6 mi) thick. It has a similar composition to that of continental crust, but has higher concentrations of iron, magnesium, and calcium and is denser than continental crust. The predominant type of rock in oceanic crust is basalt.
In geology, the outermost layer of the Earth. It overlies the mantle.
Note: The crust includes the continents and the ocean bottom and is generally estimated to be about five to twenty-five miles thick.
Note: The crust is made from relatively lightweight rocks that floated to the surface when the Earth was molten early in its history.
Bold audacity; gall; chutzpa: You’ve got a hell of a crust assuming I’ll go down there (1890s+)
the upper crust
see: upper crust
[kruh-stey-shuh n] /krʌˈsteɪ ʃən/ noun 1. any chiefly aquatic arthropod of the class Crustacea, typically having the body covered with a hard shell or crust, including the lobsters, shrimps, crabs, barnacles, and wood lice. adjective 2. belonging or pertaining to the crustaceans. /krʌˈsteɪʃən/ noun 1. any arthropod of the mainly aquatic class Crustacea, typically having […]
[kruh-stey-shuh s] /krʌˈsteɪ ʃəs/ adjective 1. of the nature of or pertaining to a crust or shell. 2. . 3. having a hard covering or crust. /krʌˈsteɪʃəs/ adjective 1. forming, resembling, or possessing a surrounding crust or shell 2. (zoology) another word for crustacean (sense 2)
noun, Geology. 1. a large block or tabular section of the lithosphere that reacts to tectonic forces as a unit and moves as such.
[kruhs-tl] /ˈkrʌs tl/ adjective 1. of or relating to a crust, as of the earth. /ˈkrʌstəl/ adjective 1. of or relating to the earth’s crust