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[ik-stur-muh-neyt] /ɪkˈstɜr məˌneɪt/

verb (used with object), exterminated, exterminating.
to get rid of by destroying; destroy totally; extirpate:
to exterminate an enemy; to exterminate insects.
(transitive) to destroy (living things, esp pests or vermin) completely; annihilate; eliminate

mid-15c., “repulsion;” 1540s, “utter destruction,” from Middle French extermination and directly from Latin exterminationem (nominative exterminatio), noun of action from past participle stem of exterminare (see exterminate).

1540s, “drive away,” from Latin exterminatus, past participle of exterminare “drive out, expel, drive beyond boundaries,” also, in Late Latin “destroy,” from phrase ex termine “beyond the boundary,” from ex- “out of” (see ex-) + termine, ablative of termen “boundary, limit, end” (see terminus).

Meaning “destroy utterly” is from 1640s in English, a sense found in equivalent words in French and in the Vulgate; earlier in this sense was extermine (mid-15c.). Related: Exterminated; exterminating.


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