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(sometimes initial capital letter) a movement in American Protestantism that arose in the early part of the 20th century in reaction to modernism and that stresses the infallibility of the Bible not only in matters of faith and morals but also as a literal historical record, holding as essential to Christian faith belief in such doctrines as the creation of the world, the virgin birth, physical resurrection, atonement by the sacrificial death of Christ, and the Second Coming.
the beliefs held by those in this movement.
strict adherence to any set of basic ideas or principles:
the fundamentalism of the extreme conservatives.
Contemporary Examples

There is a struggle between freedom and fundamentalism in our time, both at home and abroad.
Islam’s Civil War John Avlon September 12, 2011

Benjamin Sarlin on her gay bashing, fundamentalism, and tax scandals.
Delaware’s Tea Party Terror Benjamin Sarlin September 13, 2010

Lastly, the rise in sectarian intra-Muslim fundamentalism in Indonesia is a further area to watch.
The World’s Hotspots Will Keep the US and World Leaders Focused in 2012 Maajid Nawaz January 10, 2012

fundamentalism had a strong but shorter run of 20 years at the beginning of the 20th century.
Sarah Palin, Beware: The Evangelical Intrusion Is Over Garry Wills November 12, 2008

Opponents cite the 9/11 tragedy and its connection to Islamic fundamentalism, and say the mosque is salt in America’s open wound.
Exclusive: Ground Zero Mosque Goes Green Ibrahim Abdul-Matin August 11, 2010

“fundamentalism will not win, even if they say, ‘Allahu akbar’ all day long,” her mother told Bennoune.
The True Muslim Revolutionaries and Their Fight Against Extremism Timothy Michael Law August 28, 2013

It talks about radicalization as well as fundamentalism—and the dangers of that.
Motion Capture Maestro Andy Serkis on ‘Dawn of the Planet of the Apes’ and Revolutionizing Cinema Marlow Stern July 7, 2014

The Patience Stoneby Atiq Rahimi A portrait of everyday life for an Afghan woman under the oppressive weight of fundamentalism.
This Week’s Hot Reads The Daily Beast February 8, 2010

They see Islamic fundamentalism, if not Islam itself, as the enemy.
Reading Israel’s New U.S. Ambassador Peter Beinart July 9, 2013

Pakistan straddles a fault line between secularism and fundamentalism.
The Taliban’s Nuclear Threat Gerald Posner April 21, 2009

(Christianity) (esp among certain Protestant sects) the belief that every word of the Bible is divinely inspired and therefore true
(Islam) a movement favouring strict observance of the teachings of the Koran and Islamic law
strict adherence to the fundamental principles of any set of beliefs

A conservative movement in theology among nineteenth- and twentieth-century Christians. Fundamentalists believe that the statements in the Bible are literally true.

Note: Fundamentalists often argue against the theory of evolution. (See Scopes trial.)


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