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Morris, 1910–2001, U.S. painter.
Robert (Ranke)
[rahng-kuh] /ˈrɑŋ kə/ (Show IPA), 1895–1985, English poet, novelist, and critic.
a wine-growing district in Gironde department, in SW France.
a dry, red or white table wine produced in this region.
an excavation made in the earth in which to bury a dead body.
any place of interment; a tomb or sepulcher:
a watery grave.
any place that becomes the receptacle of what is dead, lost, or past:
the grave of unfulfilled ambitions.
O grave, where is thy victory?
have one foot in the grave, to be so frail, sick, or old that death appears imminent:
It was a shock to see my uncle looking as if he had one foot in the grave.
make (one) turn / turn over in one’s grave, to do something to which a specified dead person would have objected bitterly:
This production of Hamlet is enough to make Shakespeare turn in his grave.
serious or solemn; sober:
a grave person; grave thoughts.
weighty, momentous, or important:
grave responsibilities.
threatening a seriously bad outcome or involving serious issues; critical:
a grave situation; a grave illness.

spoken on a low or falling pitch.
noting or having a particular accent (`) indicating originally a comparatively low pitch (as in French père), distinct syllabic value (as in English belovèd), etc. (opposed to acute).

(of colors) dull; somber.
the grave accent.
to carve, sculpt, or engrave.
to impress deeply:
graven on the mind.
to clean and apply a protective composition of tar to (the bottom of a ship).
Contemporary Examples

King of Offensive Political Attack Ads Alex Berg June 16, 2011
Yelp Joins With Advocacy Group ALEC to Fight SLAPP Lawsuits Ben Jacobs August 14, 2013
Vote the Bums Out: the Eight Worst Members of Congress John Avlon November 2, 2012
What the Spies Knew: The Secret World of Anglo-American Intelligence Emma Garman September 20, 2013
Here Lies Tamerlan Tsarnaev, Suspected Boston Bomber Miranda Green, Justin Green May 11, 2013

Historical Examples

The Day of Wrath Maurus Jkai
Deerbrook Harriet Martineau
History of ‘Billy the Kid’ Chas. A. Siringo
The Story of the Mormons William Alexander Linn
The Spell of Egypt Robert Hichens

(sometimes not capital) a white or red wine from the district around Bordeaux, France
Robert (Ranke). 1895–1985, English poet, novelist, and critic, whose works include his World War I autobiography, Goodbye to All That (1929), and the historical novels I, Claudius (1934) and Claudius the God (1934)
a place for the burial of a corpse, esp beneath the ground and usually marked by a tombstone related adjective sepulchral
something resembling a grave or resting place: the ship went to its grave
the grave, a poetic term for death
(informal) have one foot in the grave, to be near death
to make someone turn in his grave, to make someone turn over in his grave, to do something that would have shocked or distressed (someone now dead): many modern dictionaries would make Dr Johnson turn in his grave
serious and solemn: a grave look
full of or suggesting danger: a grave situation
important; crucial: grave matters of state
(of colours) sober or dull

(of a vowel or syllable in some languages with a pitch accent, such as ancient Greek) spoken on a lower or falling musical pitch relative to neighbouring syllables or vowels
of or relating to an accent (`) over vowels, denoting a pronunciation with lower or falling musical pitch (as in ancient Greek), with certain special quality (as in French), or in a manner that gives the vowel status as a syllable nucleus not usually possessed by it in that position (as in English agèd) Compare acute (sense 8), circumflex

a grave accent
verb (transitive) (archaic) graves, graving, graved, graved, graven
to cut, carve, sculpt, or engrave
to fix firmly in the mind
(transitive) (nautical) to clean and apply a coating of pitch to (the bottom of a vessel)
adjective, adverb
(music) to be performed in a solemn manner

“The normal mod. representation of OE. græf would be graff; the ME. disyllable grave, from which the standard mod. form descends, was prob. due to the especially frequent occurrence of the word in the dat. (locative) case. [OED]

From Middle Ages to 17c., they were temporary, crudely marked repositories from which the bones were removed to ossuaries after some years and the grave used for a fresh burial. “Perpetual graves” became common from c.1650. To make (someone) turn in his grave “behave in some way that would have offended the dead person” is first recorded 1888.


dig one’s own grave
from the cradle to the grave
one foot in the grave
turn in one’s grave


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