noun, Pathology. (formerly)
a former name for influenza
1776, probably from French grippe “influenza,” originally “seizure,” verbal noun from gripper “to grasp, hook,” of Frankish origin, from Proto-Germanic *gripanan (see grip (v.), gripe). Supposedly in reference to constriction of the throat felt by sufferers; the word spread through European languages after the influenza epidemic during the Russian occupation of Prussia in the Seven Years’ War (c.1760), and Russian chirpu, said to be imitative of the sound of the cough, is sometimes said to be the origin or inspiration for the word.
grippe or grip (grĭp)
[grip] /grɪp/ noun 1. the act of grasping; a seizing and holding fast; firm grasp. 2. the power of gripping: He has a strong grip. 3. a grasp, hold, or control. 4. mental or intellectual hold: to have a good grip on a problem. 5. competence or firmness in dealing with situations in one’s work […]
[grip-er] /ˈgrɪp ər/ noun 1. a person or thing that . 2. Printing. (in certain presses) one of a number of fingerlike devices for a sheet and transferring it to or from the printing surface. 3. Metalworking. (def 13). Related Terms ground-gripper
[grip-ing] /ˈgrɪp ɪŋ/ adjective 1. holding the attention or interest intensely; fascinating; enthralling: a gripping play; a gripping book. [grip] /grɪp/ noun 1. the act of grasping; a seizing and holding fast; firm grasp. 2. the power of gripping: He has a strong grip. 3. a grasp, hold, or control. 4. mental or intellectual hold: […]
[grip-uh l] /ˈgrɪp əl/ adjective, British Dialect. 1. miserly; avaricious.