the solid surface of the earth; firm or dry land:
to fall to the ground.
earth or soil:
land having an indicated character:
Often, grounds. a tract of land appropriated to a special use:
picnic grounds; a hunting ground.
Often, grounds. the foundation or basis on which a belief or action rests; reason or cause:
grounds for dismissal.
subject for discussion; topic:
Sex education is forbidden ground in some school curricula.
rational or factual support for one’s position or attitude, as in a debate or argument:
on firm ground; on shaky ground.
the main surface or background in painting, decorative work, lace, etc.
(in perception) the background in a visual field, contrasted with the figure.
Also called etching ground. an acid-resistant substance, composed of wax, gum, and resin in varying proportions, applied to the entire surface of an etching plate and through which the design is drawn with an etching needle.
grounds, dregs or sediment:
grounds, the gardens, lawn, etc., surrounding and belonging to a building.
Electricity. a conducting connection between an electric circuit or equipment and the earth or some other conducting body.
Nautical. the bottom of a body of water.
the earth’s solid or liquid surface; land or water.
situated on or at, or adjacent to, the surface of the earth:
a ground attack.
pertaining to the ground.
Military. operating on land:
verb (used with object)
to lay or set on the ground.
to place on a foundation; fix firmly; settle or establish; found.
to instruct in elements or first principles:
to ground students in science.
to furnish with a ground or background, as on decorative work.
to cover (wallpaper) with colors or other materials before printing.
Electricity. to establish a ground for (a circuit, device, etc.).
Nautical. to cause (a vessel) to run aground.
Aeronautics. to restrict (an aircraft or the like) to the ground because of bad weather, the unsatisfactory condition of the aircraft, etc.
to forbid (a pilot) to fly because of bad health, failure to comply with safety regulations, or the like.
Informal. to put out of action or make unable to participate:
The quarterback was grounded by a knee injury.
Informal. to restrict the activities, especially the social activities, of:
I can’t go to the party—my parents have grounded me until my grades improve.
verb (used without object)
to come to or strike the ground.
ground out, Baseball. to be put out at first base after hitting a ground ball to the infield.
cut the ground from under, to render (an argument, position, person, etc.) ineffective or invalid; refute:
It didn’t require much effort to cut the ground from under that case.
from the ground up,
give ground, to yield to force or forceful argument; retreat:
The disarmament talks reached an impasse when neither side would give ground on inspection proposals.
hold / stand one’s ground, to maintain one’s position; be steadfast:
The referee stood his ground, though his decision was hotly contested by the crowd.
into the ground, beyond a reasonable or necessary point:
You’ve stated your case, and you needn’t run it into the ground.
off the ground, Informal. into action or well under way:
The play never got off the ground.
on one’s own ground, in an area or situation that one knows well.
on the ground, at the place of interest or importance; actively engaged:
Minutes after the bank robbery reporters were on the ground to get the story.
shift ground, to change position in an argument or situation.
suit down to the ground, to be perfectly satisfactory; please greatly:
This climate suits me down to the ground.
take the ground, Nautical. to become grounded at low water.
a simple past tense and past participle of .
reduced to fine particles or dust by grinding.
(of meat, vegetables, etc.) reduced to very small pieces by putting through a food processor or grinder:
having the surface abraded or roughened by or as if by grinding, as in order to reduce its transparency:
verb (used with object), ground or (Rare) grinded; grinding.
to wear, smooth, or sharpen by abrasion or friction; whet:
to grind a lens.
to reduce to fine particles, as by pounding or crushing; bray, triturate, or pulverize.
to oppress, torment, or crush:
to grind the poor.
to rub harshly or gratingly; grate together; grit:
to grind one’s teeth.
to operate by turning a crank:
to grind a hand organ.
to produce by crushing or abrasion:
to grind flour.
Slang. to annoy; irritate; irk:
It really grinds me when he’s late.
verb (used without object), ground or (Rare) grinded; grinding.
to perform the operation of reducing to fine particles.
to rub harshly; grate.
to be or become ground.
to be polished or sharpened by friction.
Informal. to work or study laboriously (often followed by away):
He was grinding away at his algebra.
Digital Technology. (in a video game) to perform a monotonous task repeatedly in order to advance a character to a higher level or rank:
You have to grind for hours before you can embark on the main story mission.
Slang. (in a dance) to rotate the hips in a suggestive manner.
Compare (def 12).
the act of grinding.
a grinding sound.
a grade of particle fineness into which a substance is ground:
The coffee is available in various grinds for different coffee makers.
laborious, usually uninteresting work:
Copying all the footnotes was a grind.
Informal. an excessively diligent student.
Slang. a dance movement in which the hips are rotated in a suggestive or erotic manner.
Compare (def 12).
the land surface
earth or soil: he dug into the ground outside his house
(pl) the land around a dwelling house or other building
(sometimes pl) an area of land given over to a purpose: football ground, burial grounds
land having a particular characteristic: level ground, high ground
matter for consideration or debate; field of research or inquiry: the lecture was familiar ground to him, the report covered a lot of ground
a position or viewpoint, as in an argument or controversy (esp in the phrases give ground, hold, stand, or shift one’s ground)
position or advantage, as in a subject or competition (esp in the phrases gain ground, lose ground, etc)
(often pl) reason; justification: grounds for complaint
the bottom of a river or the sea
(pl) sediment or dregs, esp from coffee
(mainly Brit) the floor of a room
See ground bass
a mesh or network supporting the main pattern of a piece of lace
(electrical, US & Canadian)
above ground, alive
below ground, dead and buried
break new ground, to do something that has not been done before
cut the ground from under someone’s feet, to anticipate someone’s action or argument and thus make it irrelevant or meaningless
(Brit, informal) to the ground, down to the ground, completely; absolutely: it suited him down to the ground
(informal) get off the ground, to make a beginning, esp one that is successful
go to ground, to go into hiding
into the ground, beyond what is requisite or can be endured; to exhaustion
meet someone on his own ground, to meet someone according to terms he has laid down himself
the high ground, the moral high ground, a position of moral or ethical superiority in a dispute
(modifier) situated on, living on, or used on the ground: ground frost, ground forces
(modifier) concerned with or operating on the ground, esp as distinct from in the air: ground crew, ground hostess
(modifier) (used in names of plants) low-growing and often trailing or spreading
(transitive) to put or place on the ground
(transitive) to instruct in fundamentals
(transitive) to provide a basis or foundation for; establish
(transitive) to confine (an aircraft, pilot, etc) to the ground
(transitive) (informal) to confine (a child) to the house as a punishment
the usual US word for earth (sense 16)
(transitive) (nautical) to run (a vessel) aground
(transitive) to cover (a surface) with a preparatory coat of paint
(intransitive) to hit or reach the ground
the past tense and past participle of grind
having the surface finished, thickness reduced, or an edge sharpened by grinding
reduced to fine particles by grinding
verb grinds, grinding, ground
to reduce or be reduced to small particles by pounding or abrading: to grind corn, to grind flour
(transitive) to smooth, sharpen, or polish by friction or abrasion: to grind a knife
to scrape or grate together (two things, esp the teeth) with a harsh rasping sound or (of such objects) to be scraped together
(transitive) foll by out. to speak or say (something) in a rough voice
(transitive) often foll by down. to hold down; oppress; tyrannize
(transitive) to operate (a machine) by turning a handle
(transitive) foll by out. to produce in a routine or uninspired manner: he ground out his weekly article for the paper
(transitive) foll by out. to continue to play in a dull or insipid manner: the band only ground out old tunes all evening
(transitive) often foll by into. to instil (facts, information, etc) by persistent effort: they ground into the recruits the need for vigilance
(intransitive) (informal) to study or work laboriously
(intransitive) (mainly US) to dance erotically by rotating the pelvis (esp in the phrase bump and grind)
(informal) laborious or routine work or study
(slang, mainly US) a person, esp a student, who works excessively hard
a specific grade of pulverization, as of coffee beans: coarse grind
(Brit, slang) the act of sexual intercourse
(mainly US) a dance movement involving an erotic rotation of the pelvis
the act or sound of grinding
Old English grund “bottom, foundation, ground, surface of the earth,” especially “bottom of the sea” (a sense preserved in run aground), from Proto-Germanic *grundus, which seems to have meant “deep place” (cf. Old Frisian, Old Saxon, Danish, Swedish grund, Dutch grond, Old High German grunt, German Grund “ground, soil, bottom;” Old Norse grunn “a shallow place,” grund “field, plain,” grunnr “bottom”). No known cognates outside Germanic. Sense of “reason, motive” first attested c.1200; electrical sense is from 1870.
mid-13c., “to put on the ground, to strike down to the ground,” from ground (n.). Of ships, “to run into the ground,” from mid-15c. Meaning “to base” (an argument, sermon, etc.) is late 14c. Meaning “deny privileges” is 1940s, originally a punishment meted out to pilots (in which sense it is attested from 1930). Related: Grounded; grounding.
“reduced to fine particles by grinding,” 1765, past participle adjective from grind.
Old English grindan “to rub together, grate, scrape,” forgrindan “destroy by crushing” (class III strong verb; past tense grand, past participle grunden), from Proto-Germanic *grindanan (cf. Dutch grenden), related to ground, from PIE *ghrendh- “to grind” (cf. Latin frendere “to gnash the teeth,” Greek khondros “corn, grain,” Lithuanian grendu “to scrape, scratch”). Meaning “to make smooth or sharp by friction” is from c.1300. Most other Germanic languages use a verb cognate with Latin molere (cf. Dutch malen, Old Norse mala, German mahlen).
late 12c., “gnashing the teeth,” from grind (v.). The sense “steady, hard work” first recorded 1851 in college student slang (but cf. gerund-grinder, 1710); the meaning “hard-working student” is American English slang from 1864.
beat to the ground, down to the ground, not know one’s ass from one’s elbow, not know someone or something from a hole in the ground, run something into the ground, stamping ground
bump and grind, if you can’t find ’em
(Ex. 32:20; Deut. 9:21; Judg. 16:21), to crush small (Heb. tahan); to oppress the poor (Isa. 3:5). The hand-mill was early used by the Hebrews (Num. 11:8). It consisted of two stones, the upper (Deut. 24:6; 2 Sam. 11:21) being movable and slightly concave, the lower being stationary. The grinders mentioned Eccl. 12:3 are the teeth. (See MILL.)
[groun-dij] /ˈgraʊn dɪdʒ/ noun, British. 1. a tax levied on ships that anchor in a port. /ˈɡraʊndɪdʒ/ noun 1. (Brit) a fee levied on a vessel entering a port or anchored off a shore
noun, Military. 1. the state of waiting for orders in or near combat airplanes ready to take to the air at once. 2. the aircraft standing by during a ground alert.
/ˈɡraʊndˌbeɪt/ noun 1. bait, such as scraps of bread, maggots, etc, thrown into an area of water to attract fish See chum2 verb 2. (transitive) to prepare (an area of water) with groundbait
noun 1. 2 (def 1).