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[hahr-luh m] /ˈhɑr ləm/

a section of New York City, in the NE part of Manhattan.
a tidal river in New York City, between the boroughs of Manhattan and the Bronx, which, with Spuyten Duyvil Creek, connects the Hudson and East rivers. 8 miles (13 km) long.
a district of New York City, in NE Manhattan: now largely a Black ghetto

Manhattan district, used figuratively for “African-American culture” from 1934. The N.Y. community was founded 1658 and originally named Nieuw Haarlem for Haarlem in Netherlands, which probably is from Dutch haar “height” + lem “silt,” in reference to its position on a slight elevation on the banks of the Spaarne River.

Neighborhood of Manhattan.

Note: Mostly populated by African-Americans, Harlem has long been a center of black culture.

Note: During the 1920s, Harlem was the site of a great upsurge in black literature, music, and theater known as the Harlem Renaissance.

Note: The area now contains a large Puerto Rican population and, after a period of economic decay, has experienced a revitalization.


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  • Harlemite

    [hahr-luh-mahyt] /ˈhɑr ləˌmaɪt/ noun 1. a native or inhabitant of . 1890, from Harlem + -ite (1).

  • Harlem-renaissance

    noun 1. a renewal and flourishing of black literary and musical culture during the years after World War I in the Harlem section of New York City. noun a cultural movement in 1920s America during which black art, literature, and music experienced renewal and growth, originating in New York City’s Harlem district; also called Black […]

  • Harlequin

    [hahr-luh-kwin, -kin] /ˈhɑr lə kwɪn, -kɪn/ noun 1. (often initial capital letter) a comic character in commedia dell’arte and the harlequinade, usually masked, dressed in multicolored, diamond-patterned tights, and carrying a wooden sword or magic wand. 2. a buffoon. 3. any of various small snakes having bright diamond-pattern scales. adjective 4. fancifully varied in color, […]

  • Harlequinade

    [hahr-luh-kwi-neyd, -ki-] /ˌhɑr lə kwɪˈneɪd, -kɪ-/ noun 1. a pantomime, farce, or similar play in which Harlequin plays the principal part. 2. . /ˌhɑːlɪkwɪˈneɪd/ noun 1. (sometimes capital) (theatre) a play or part of a pantomime in which harlequin has a leading role 2. buffoonery

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