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a war between Athens and Sparta, 431–404 b.c., that resulted in the transfer of hegemony in Greece from Athens to Sparta.
a war fought for supremacy in Greece from 431 to 404 bc, in which Athens and her allies were defeated by the league centred on Sparta
Peloponnesian War [(pel-uh-puh-nee-zhuhn, pel-uh-puh-nee-shuhn)]

A long war between the Greek city-states of Athens and Sparta in the fifth century b.c. Sparta won the war.

Note: The historian Thucydides fought in the Peloponnesian War and later wrote a remarkable history about it.


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